Tag Archives: secondary schools

India, Kerala: “Green Army” school hygiene cartoons

Cartoons promoting promoting hygiene and cleanliness on e-toilets. Photo: The Hindu

An Indian e-toilet manufacturer has partnered with a local animation institute to create hygiene promotion cartoons for schools.

Eram Scientific Solutions with Toonz Academy has created the “Green Army” cartoon characters to make students aware of cleanliness and hygiene. The characters were selected based on a competition conducted among the students of the academy.

Crow, the sweeper of nature, keeps the surroundings clean by eating up the organic wastes. Earthworm, known as the plough of farmers, ploughs the soil and keeps it fertile, frog eats up the insects, mushroom absorbs all the organic waste dissolving them in soil and the cat buries its excreta. These soldiers will reach out to various schools along with two more characters Shuchi and Joy, to teach the students about the necessity of keeping the place tidy.

The Green Army premiered at the South Govt Girls Higher Secondary School (GGHSS) in Ernakulam, Kerala, as part of the  suchi@school (Sustainable Comprehensive Hygiene Initiative) project. The project aims to ensure adequate sanitation facilities in all government and government-aided schools in Ernakulam district.

The cartoon characters can be seen on the walls of school model Delight e-toilets supplied to the Ernakulam school by Eram Scientific Solutions.

Related news: India, Kerala: girls’ school in Ernakulam first to get e-toilet, Sanitation Updates, 27 Jul 2011

Related web sites:

Source: Green army all set for action!, The Hindu, 08 Aug 2011

Video: School sanitation – a common challenge in Kenya

Students at the Ramba High School, Ndori, Kenya have to remove their clothes when using the latrines. They do this avoid the strong smell of the disinfectant sticking to their school uniform. Every year, after the rains, new pit latrines have to be constructed.

To improve sanitation conditions at schools like Ramba High School, GTZ’s EcoSan Promotion Project has constructed Urine Diverting Dehydrating Toilets (UDDTs). These toilets also produce biogas, fertilizer and irrigation water thereby saving on costs of fuel wood and boosting agricultural production.

The EcoSan Promotion Project (EPP) (Oct 2008 – May 2009, ongoing monitoring period until Nov 2010) was a project component of the GTZ Water Sector Reform Programme in Kenya and co-funded by the European Union, SIDA and GTZ.

The video below is an excerpt from a documentary “Promoting Ecological Sanitation in Kenya” by the EU-SIDA-GTZ EcoSan Promotion Project.

Related web sites:

Related video: Sanitation and Hygiene in Kenyan Primary Schools

India, Karnataka: no toilets in half of State’s schools

Half of the schools in Karnataka have no toilets.  In every fourth high school, girls have to share toilets with boys!

These shocking revelations are among the findings of a nation-wide survey on the condition of schools and schoolchildren conducted by an NGO ‘Pratham’.

Although the survey ‘Assessment Survey Evaluation Research 2009’ (ASER 2009) indicates a marginal improvement for Karnataka in a number of parameters, the State seems to have left this most primordial of needs to nature’s devices. The survey was conducted in October – November 2009 in 133 primary schools and 623 middle and high schools across both government and private schools in all 27 educational districts of the State.

The findings of the survey state that 51.9 per cent of primary schools in the State do not have usable toilets and a further 11.5 per cent do not even have the infrastructure. This marks a steep decline from a ASER 2007 survey, which stated that only a little over 10 per cent of the primary schools had unusable toilets.

Similarly, 48.7 percent of the middle and high schools in Karnataka do not have usable toilets with about 5.5 per cent of them not even having the infrastructure. Toilet facilities in high schools too have seen a sharp decline as ASER 2007 had put the number at around 20 percent.

But perhaps a more damning indictment of the infrastructure at schools in the State is the stark statistic that says that 42 percent of primary schools and 25 percent of middle and high schools have no separate toilets for girls.

In fact, the survey points out that only 35 per cent of the girls’ toilets are usable.

-51.9 pc of primary schools in the state do not have usable toilets
– 48.7 pc of the middle and high schools do not have usable toilets
– 42 pc of primary schools in the state have no separate toilets for girls
– 25 pc of middle and high schools in the state have no separate toilets for girls

For the whole of India, ASER 2009 reported that the percentage of schools with no water or toilet provision is declining over time. Water is available in 75% of government primary schools and 81% of upper primary schools. Useable toilets can be found in over 50% of government schools. Four out of ten government primary schools do not have separate toilets for girls. This number is lower for upper primary schools at 26%. About 12 -15% girls’ toilets are locked and only about 30 – 40% are useable.

Source: Kaushik Chakravarthy, Deccan Herald, 18 Jan 2010

Sanitation for kids: Australian web resource for schools


Sanitation is one the issues featured on AusAID’s Global Education Website. The objective of the Global Education Website is to increase the amount and quality of teaching of global education in Australian primary and secondary schools. The site supports the AusAID Global Education Program which aims to raise awareness and understanding among Australian school students of international issues, development and poverty, and to prepare them to live in an increasingly globalised world and to be active citizens shaping better futures.

The Sanitation global issue page provides the following case studies and teaching activities on:

  • community-led total sanitation
  • improving toilets
  • spreading disease
  • urban poor getting connected in Bangalore

There are also two project pages on Sanitation and Disease, one for lower and upper secondary years (LS-U/Sec) and one for upper primary years (UP)

Nepal: Students queue up to defecate

It is not a new issue to queue up for hours for drinking water in many places but it can be new for many that one has to stand in queue to defecate in the open place. Students [from] Bagh Devi Secondary School at Jyamdi of Kavre have to stand in queue for 10 to 15 minutes to defecate in the open. About 600 students study in the school but not a single toilet has been constructed in the school due to shortage of water.

School principal Bhairav Thapa said, “We teach the students to defecate in the toilet but the students are compelled to use open space as toilet due to lack of toilet in the school.” The school has urged the District Education Office to construct toilets and Shanti Janaadarsha Sewa Kendra working in drinking water sector to construct a tank for collecting rainwater. [Because of the water shortage], the school […] has appointed two staff just to fetch water for the school.

Source: Bhim Gautam, Rajdhani / NGO Forum, 15 Apr 2009