Integrating Green and Gray: Creating Next Generation Infrastructure. World Bank, April 2019.
A new generation of infrastructure projects that harness the power of nature can help achieve development goals, including water security and climate resilience.
In this report from the World Bank and World Resources Institute, both organizations are calling for green infrastructure, such as mangroves and wetlands, to play a bigger role in traditional infrastructure planning.
Integrating nature into mainstream infrastructure systems can produce lower cost and more resilient services. This report guides developing country service providers and their partners on how to seize this opportunity. It reviews approaches and examples of how to integrate green infrastructure into mainstream project appraisal processes and investments.
Water and sanitation utilities commonly experience vandalism and theft of their
property. These acts of vandalism are widespread in both urban and rural settings and take a number of forms: they include water theft leading directly to a loss of revenue for the utility, and the vandalism and theft of valuable metal pipes, fittings and manhole covers leading to an increase in the utility’s maintenance costs. The extent of vandalism and theft experienced in a project or defined area can have a direct and significant impact on the performance of a utility, and where the service is negatively affected, this will ultimately impact on the well-being of customers. Despite anecdotal evidence of the prevalence of this problem research into the subject remains very limited, with a lack of documentation on interventions to reduce vandalism or the extent to which a reduction in vandalism can lead to improved water and sanitation services.
To explore strategies for combating this issue, WSUP has recently carried out a case study documenting experience in the Copperbelt region of Zambia, where Nkana Water and Sewerage Company (NWSC) are implementing a three-pronged, integrated approach to vandalism reduction.
Want to find out more? For a quick read download our two-page Practice Note. For a more in-depth analysis, see our Topic Brief.
Continuing developments in GIS software are opening up a number of possibilities for capturing and processing geographical data, and then presenting it via the internet. The ability to manage information on water and sanitation services and then overlay it onto Google Earth images has wide-ranging benefits for project planning and design, and for monitoring, advocacy and accountability.
This Practice Note introduces three tools of this type – Google Fusion Tables as used by WSUP, WaterAid’s WaterPoint Mapper and Water For People’s FLOW – and briefly discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each.
Click on the image to download the Practice Note.
This document forms part of WSUP’s Practice Note and Topic Brief publication series. Further documents can be downloaded from the WSUP website http://www.wsup.com/sharing/index.htm