USAID WASH in the News Update – December 19, 2018

Catch up on latest #water & #WASH updates on “@USAID in the News” from Globalwaters.org:

news

  • @WADApartnership commissions h2o projects in 2 Nigerian states @USAIDNigeria,
  • & in Kenya learn about “miracle well” of Makueni County @KiwashProject @USAIDKenya

Link to USAID in the News

 

What a Waste 2.0: A Global Snapshot of Solid Waste Management to 2050

What a Waste 2.0: A Global Snapshot of Solid Waste Management to 2050. World Bank, December 2018.

What a Waste 2.0: A Global Snapshot of Solid Waste Management to 2050 includes global, regional, and urban trends on solid waste management from technical and operational trends to environmental and social impacts. waste.png

The topics covered in the publication include waste generation, waste collection, waste treatment and disposal, financing models, operational models, technologies, citizen engagement, environmental impact, and informal sector impact. The database linked with this website includes information on 217 countries and economies as well as more than 360 cities.

Emergency WASH Update – December 14, 2018

Blog Posts

Where are the evidence gaps in the water, sanitation and hygiene sector? Evidence Matters, December 12, 2018.
Going forward, there is still a lot we don’t know and, beyond looking at new, innovative technologies, there are a few gaps (or opportunities) the sector needs to look at if we want to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): More studies on vulnerable populations: We found no studies that looked at (or even captured information on) people living with a disability. We found one rigorous impact evaluation focusing on people living with HIV, two on refugee camps, and one on people living through, or in the immediate aftermath, of a humanitarian crisis.

Sandra Ruckstuhl on Capturing Practical Lessons on Water, Conflict, and Cooperation. New Security Beat, December 14, 2018.
We realized “there was a need for a toolkit on water,” says Sandra Ruckstuhl in this week’s Water Stories podcast, “with a focus of conflict and conflict mitigation, but also peacebuilding.” Ruckstuhl, a consultant for the World Bank who has researched water programs in Yemen and the Middle East, helped the Wilson Center produce USAID’s Water and Conflict toolkit.

Handwashing Station Almost Ready for Action. Elrha, December 2018.
Oxfam’s Promotion and Practice Handwashing Kit is a robust, user-friendly handwashing station that is easily set-up in the immediate aftermath of a disaster, allowing for improved, timely handwashing at critical moments and reducing people’s health risks in emergency displacement camps.

Sharing Experiences and Advocating for Improved MHM Action in Emergencies. Elrha, December 2018.
IFRC’s project aims to improve actions to address the menstrual hygiene needs of women and girls in humanitarian contexts. Evidence-based lessons and resources from operational research in East Africa on innovative ‘MHM kits’, along with other IFRC experiences, will be consolidated and disseminated globally.

Human Rights Day: WASH during Emergencies. CLTS Foundation, December 2018. This article discusses some of the hardware and software innovations for WASH during emergencies.

New Academic Programs in the Field of Humanitarian Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene at GJU. German Jordanian University, December 2, 2018.
The president, Bioforce Institute Director of operations, and the ACF Regional Representative signed a cooperation agreement to launch the preparation phase for a Humanitarian WaSH academic program with funding from USAID/OFDA.

Reports

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Post-Emergency Contexts: A study on establishing sustainable service delivery models. UNHCR and Oxfam, December 2018.
As many humanitarian crises are protracted in nature, emergency WASH services need to be sustained once humanitarian agencies depart. This report aims to review and identify alternative service delivery options, and to provide some pragmatic guidance that can be incorporated into emergency response programs and tested, evaluated and built on in the future.

Book Reviews

Health in Humanitarian Emergencies: Principles and Practice for Public Health and Healthcare Practitioners. 2018. Edited by David Townes, Mike Gerber, and Mike Anderson. 485 pp. Cambridge University Press. There is no doubt that every humanitarian health professional should have this book on their desk when planning, implementing, and evaluating humanitarian interventions.

USAID Water Office Emergency WASH Resources

The USAID Globalwaters.org website has an Emergency WASH page which contains links to key Emergency WASH organizations and publications.

Selected Articles from Global Waters on Medium – USAID Global Waters tells the story of USAID’s water-related efforts around the globe.

Selected 2018 Issues of Water Currents – Water Currents is a biweekly compilation of recent research on a specific WASH topic.

Water Utilities – Water Currents, December 13, 2018

Water Utilities – Water Currents, December 13, 2018

Today, more than half the world’s population is living in cities; by 2050, two-thirds of the world’s projected population will be urban. The U.S. Government Global Water Strategy states that this rapid pace of urbanization requires increased attention to urban services and water utilities. utilities

Even as utilities strive to serve growing populations, water availability in cities is projected to shrink by as much as two-thirds by 2050. The ability of utilities to provide a safely managed water service—and to reach the unserved—will be underpinned by their investment in efficiency improvement, policy and institutional capacity development, access to financing, and ability to respond to climate change—even more than infrastructure investments.

Studies and reports in this issue address the management and operational issues of water utilities as well as their operating environment. A special thanks to the staff of DAI, the World Bank, and Asian Development Bank for suggesting water utilities as a topic for this issue and contributing content.

Read the complete issue.

WEBINAR: Thursday Dec. 13th, 8-9 AM EST. Interested in evaluating the long-term sustainability of water, sanitation, and hygiene development interventions?

Please join USAID/India and Social Impact for a webinar from 8-9 AM EST on Dec. 13th as they present key findings from an ex-post evaluation of a USAID/India development project, implemented between 1994 and 2011, that worked in partnership with the Government of India on new approaches to plan, design, and finance urban infrastructure to improve water and sanitation access for the poor. webinar.png

Lessons from this evaluation are intended to help inform activity design improvements in India, as well as in other urban water and sanitation contexts.

For more information on the webinar and to register, click below: https://mailchi.mp/usaid/social-impact-fire-d-webinar-dec2018-324907?e=8998f1148f

Examining USAID Efforts to Strengthen India’s Urban Water and Sanitation Sector Governance and Finance

Examining USAID Efforts to Strengthen India’s Urban Water and Sanitation Sector Governance and Finance. Globalwaters.org, December 2018.

Over 17 years of mission programming, (1994–2011) USAID’s Financial Institutions Reform and Expansion–Debt and Infrastructure (FIRE-D) activity partnered with India’s central, state, and municipal governments to provide technical assistance to 16 Indian states.

The focus of this three-phased activity changed over time, but the goal remained the same: to expand sustainable water and sanitation access to the poor while improving the ability of city and state governments to mobilize resources and increase their revenues. FIRE-D-blog-india

Through implementer TCG International, FIRE-D piloted policy-related interventions to better plan, design, and finance urban infrastructure.

The most successful solutions were then expanded and incorporated into a Government of India (GoI) urban development scheme called the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM).

What We Did

This fourth in a series of independent ex-post evaluations of past USAID water and sanitation activities followed up on six states and cities seven years after FIRE-D ended to understand how urban water and sanitation services have changed and to what extent policies, practices, and financing mechanisms introduced through FIRE-D have been sustained.

Read more

 

Determining the effectiveness and mode of operation of Community-Led total Sanitation: The DEMO-CLTS study

Determining the effectiveness and mode of operation of Community-Led total Sanitation: The DEMO-CLTS study. EAWAG, December 2018.

The final report of a project in which CLTS was analyzed using the RANAS approach is now out.

In the project funded by BMGF two cross sectional studies in Cambodia and Mozambique (see News June 8, 2018) and one big field experiment with 3120 households in northern Ghana was conducted. The following research question were addressed in this study:

  • How do CLTS participants perceive different activities of the CLTS triggering event?
  • Which factors of the CLTS implementation process are most predictive for CLTS achievements in terms of community’s latrine coverage?
  • Does CLTS successfully provoke latrine construction and stop open defecation (compared to a control group)?
  • What are the mechanisms that lead CLTS to success? In terms of psychological determinants and potential moderating factors?
  • Can CLTS be improved by combining it with evidence-based, behavioral change strategies based on the RANAS-model of behavior change?
  • Which characteristics of communities describe a fertile ground for CLTS to be most effective in stopping open defecation?