Category Archives: Water Supply Access

Taking the Pulse of a Water Lifeline to Hundreds of Millions of People – Global Waters

Taking the Pulse of a Water Lifeline to Hundreds of Millions of People. Global Waters, July 2019.

Unlocking the secrets of glaciers and snowpack in Asia’s highest mountains helps prepare downstream communities for a more water-variable future.

Since 2012, USAID’s CHARIS project, led by the National Snow and Ice Data Center at the University of Colorado, Boulder, has brought researchers and decision-makers together from across High Asia to step up monitoring efforts of the region’s snowfields and glaciers and study regional hydrological variability. globalwaters

The ultimate goal is to contribute to sustainable water management decisions in downstream communities so that they may better cope with anticipated future shifts in water availability.

Read the complete article.

Raising Voices to Save Water: Reducing Groundwater Loss in Armenia’s Ararat Valley – Global Waters

Raising Voices to Save Water: Reducing Groundwater Loss in Armenia’s Ararat Valley. Global Waters, July 2019.

The Ararat Valley, a 1,300-kilometer swath of fertile land in western Armenia, lies in the shadow of Mount Ararat. The valley is known as the breadbasket of the country.

“It feeds about half the population,” says Armen Varosyan, project director of USAID’s Participatory Utilization and Resource Efficiency of Water (PURE Water) project.

armenia

He explains that a clean and accessible groundwater reservoir fuels the region’s productivity. But, Varosyan says, “There is a problem.” Armenia’s natural groundwater is drying up.

In the past, “Villages could dig [a shallow] hole and the water would fountain,” explains Armine Tukhikyan, a PURE Water technical expert, because of highly pressurized water located just a few meters below the ground.

However, over the last 35 years, and especially in the last decade, the groundwater in the Ararat Valley has been steadily depleted, reduced from 33,000 to less than 11,000 hectares.

Read the complete article.

Saving Livelihoods One Drop at a Time – Global Waters

Saving Livelihoods One Drop at a Time. Global Waters, July 2019.

She died of thirst. I tried to revive her, but it was too late.

For Haykal Jibrael Mikhael, a farmer from the town of Qobaiyat in north Lebanon, losing one of his apple trees means losing a part of his livelihood. And for decades, Haykal and many other farmers have been losing many of their trees because of dwindling water availability. lebanon

It’s not the first tree that has died,” added Haykal. “Many others have died, too, because of lack of water.”

We had to find a solution.”

When the USAID–funded Lebanon Water Project (LWP) offered local NGOs the opportunity to apply for small grants that they could use to help improve the quality and quantity of water available to any local community, the Safadi Foundation in north Lebanon seized the opportunity.

Joining forces with the Qobaiyat Agricultural Cooperative and the Qobaiyat Municipality, the Safadi Foundation proposed a project that would connect area farmers to an existing artificial lake.

Read the complete article.

Factors Influencing Revenue Collection for Preventative Maintenance of Community Water Systems: A Fuzzy-Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis

Factors Influencing Revenue Collection for Preventative Maintenance of Community Water Systems: A Fuzzy-Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis. Sustainability, July 8, 2019.

Authors: Liesbet Olaerts, Jeffrey P. Walters, Karl G. Linden, Amy Javernick-Will and Adam Harvey

This study analyzed combinations of conditions that influence regular payments for water service in resource-limited communities. To do so, the study investigated 16 communities participating in a new preventive maintenance program in the Kamuli District of Uganda under a public–private partnership framework.

Overall, the findings from this study reveal distinct pathways of conditions that impact payment compliance and reflect the multifaceted nature of water point sustainability. Practically, the findings identify the processes needed for successful payment compliance, which include a strong WUC with proper support and training, user perceptions that the water quality is high and available in adequate quantities, ongoing support, and a lack of nearby water sources.

A comprehensive understanding of the combined factors that lead to payment compliance can improve future preventative maintenance programs, guide the design of water service arrangements, and ultimately increase water service sustainability.

WaterAid – Beneath the Surface: The State of the World’s Water 2019

Beneath the Surface: The State of the World’s Water 2019. WaterAid, March 19, 2019.

Some 4 billion people in the world live in physically water-scarce areas and 844 million don’t have access to clean water close to home. wateraid

The world’s water crisis is getting worse, yet globally we use six times as much water today as we did 100 years ago, driven by population growth and changes in diets and consumer habits.

This report reveals the countries where the largest populations live with physical water scarcity, how ballooning consumer demands jeopardize water access for the poorest and most marginalized people, and how making thoughtful choices as consumers can help ensure access to water for basic needs is prioritized – wherever you are in the world.

Read more.

Systems Thinking and WASH: Tools and case studies for a sustainable water supply

Systems Thinking and WASH: Tools and case studies for a sustainable water supply. Practical Action, February 2019.

Water supplies in developing countries fail at unacceptable rates. In an era of high technology and a global drive for sustainable water and sanitation (SDG6), we need to find solutions to the ‘wicked problems’ that characterize water for development programmes around the world. practicalaction

Systems Thinking and WASH introduces practitioners, researchers, programme managers and donors to the tools and approaches that have been most successful in this area. This book explores the different applications of systems thinking used by an interdisciplinary group of WASH researchers and practitioners.

With additional commentary from the field, each chapter helps us to imagine different ways to understand and work with communities, development agencies and governments to create a better world through more appropriate WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) programming.

The book includes an annotated list of additional resources that anyone interested in non-linearity, complex adaptive systems, systems thinking, social network analysis or system dynamics will find useful as a practical guide to getting started.

This book is highly important reading for WASH programme managers, government and NGO staff and donor agencies interested in the application of systems thinking techniques.

View/download

USAID’s Global Waters – February 2019

USAID’s Global Waters – February 2019

globalwaters

The Infrastructure Upgrade, Reimagined
In Peru, a new cross-sector initiative supported by USAID and the Government of Canada is moving toward an expansive vision of 21st-century water infrastructure that includes natural ecosystems, ancestral approaches, and people themselves.

Turning on the Water
In northeast Syria, USAID is collaborating with local partners to restore essential infrastructure such as pumps and wells, providing clean drinking water to more than 300,000 people.

Global Waters in Focus
Take an in-depth look at the Securing Water for Food Grand Challenge for Development, an international partnership that has worked in 35 countries to accelerate innovation in agriculture.

New updates are regularly added to Globalwaters.org. You may have missed:

Safe Water International – Lessons Learned in the WASH Sector

I Tried to Save the World and Failed is by Larry Siegel of Safe Water International and the book discusses lessons he learned from working on rural drinking water projects in Mexico, Malawi and Cambodia. It is mostly a personal chronicle, but in the last chapter Larry lists the lessons learned. seigel

Download/view the book (pdf, 10.4MB)

Contents

  • Chapters 1 through 5 – The Story of SWI
  • Chapter 6 – Lessons Learned in Sustainability
  • Chapter 7 – Working with Church Groups in Malawi
  • Chapter 8 – More SWI Experiences in Malawi
  • Chapter 9 – If You Build It, Fix it
  • Chapter 10 – National Training Centers
  •  Chapter 11 – Saving the World
  • Chapter 12 –  So What Did I Really Learn

Water Quality – Water Currents, February 12, 2019

Water Quality – Water Currents, February 12, 2019

Globally, at least 2 billion people use a drinking water source contaminated with feces. More than 1,300 children under 5 years of age die every day from diarrhea linked to unsafe water and poor sanitation. The U.S. Government Global Water Strategy and the USAID Water and Development Plan in support of the strategy include a focus on increasing sustainable access to safe drinking water, recognizing it as crucial to lifting people out of poverty and especially important for unlocking educational and economic opportunities for women and girls. waterquality

This issue of Water Currents looks at water quality—specifically drinking water—and includes research and technical resources on water safety plans, water quality monitoring, and chemical and microbial hazards in water. A special thanks goes out to the staff of Sattva for contributing to this issue. Sattva is a key member of the SAFEBillion initiative, a collaborative effort to create solutions for access to clean drinking water, free from arsenic and fluoride.

Standards and Guidance
Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality (GDWQ)World Health Organization (WHO), 2017. This is the fourth edition of the Guidelines and it builds on over 50 years of guidance by WHO on drinking-water quality. The report also includes fact sheets on a broad range of chemicals that can affect water quality.

Developing Drinking-Water Quality Regulations and StandardsWHO, 2018. This document provides practical guidance to support the development or revision of customized national or subnational drinking water quality regulations and standards.

Safely Managed Drinking Water: Thematic Report on Drinking Water 2017WHOUNICEF, 2017. WHO/UNICEF’s Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP) introduced “safely managed drinking water services” as a new standard of drinking water quality in its 2017 report, which examines this new designation in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Read the complete issue.

 

Global Waters – Turning on the Water: USAID Collaborates with Local Partners to Restore Water Access to Northeast Syria

Turning on the Water: USAID Collaborates with Local Partners to Restore Water Access to Northeast Syria. Global Waters, February 8, 2019.

“It really is an exciting thing to turn back on the water,” says USAID’s Development Advisor David Isaak. “It gives communities some sense of normalcy, that things are coming back to life.”

Before the outbreak of war in 2011, millions of Syrians had their water consistently delivered through a vast network of pipes and thousands of large-scale pumps. Nearly all Syrians enjoyed access to potable water, and massive man-made canals irrigated the arid northeastern countryside, which facilitated a productive agricultural economy.

syria

USAID’s Syria Essential Services (SES II) project helped rehabilitate this well in southwest Syria and installed solar panels to power the pumps. Photo credit: USAID/SES II

The conflict took a heavy toll on the country’s infrastructure, often deliberately as a tool of war: aerial campaigns and/or improvised explosive devices targeted miles of water networks and destroyed thousands of water pumps. Other water pumps were simply abandoned after the massive civilian exodus.

Read the complete article in USAID’s Global Waters Stories.