Category Archives: Uncategorized

Knowledge Map: WASH in Schools and Coronavirus

Knowledge Map: WASH in Schools and Coronavirus. WASH in Schools Network, 2020.

The WASH in Schools Network (UNICEF, GIZ, Save the Children, WATERAID; Emory, LSHTM, among others) has compiled this knowledge map with links to relevant materials about COVID-19 for learners, their families and the education system.

The map is intended for the time when schools are closed and in preparation for re-opening of schools. We want to help you navigate through the jungle of information about COVID-19,specifically its relevance for the school community.

Therefore, we selected relevant information from high-quality, reliable sources for the education system, families and for pre-primary, primary and secondary school children.

WASTE Performance Evaluation: Circular Economy Model with Black and Greywater Recycling in India

WASTE Performance Evaluation: Circular Economy Model with Black and Greywater Recycling in India. SWFF, August 2019.

WASTE Intervention – The intervention has two major technical applications: a) greywater recycling at the local level, and, b) faecal sludge recycling with organic solid waste using co-composting methods.

Typically, faecal sludge was collected and dumped either at open grounds at distant locations or into the nearest body of water, resulting in heavy freshwater contamination.

The WASTE intervention collects faecal sludge from private vacuum truck operators, transports it to the treatment site and feeds into the system.

Diamond Model – The Diamond Model produces nutrient rich co-compost to be used as a soil conditioner for cultivation of exotic vegetables by female farmers in the District.

The model focuses on four key areas for successful implementation and sustainability in the agriculture sector: a) farmers raising the demands, b) female Self Help Group (SHG) members involved with companies producing and managing the cocompost supply, c) agri-marketing companies to manage finances, and, d) government authorities to implement the project focused on treatment of faecal sludge and grey water.

The technical innovations within the model involve recycling grey water and using treated water for irrigation in critical periods of lower rainfall and dry seasons.

Sanitation in the News – January 14, 2020

We will update this page regularly with sanitation news items. Please let us know if you find this useful:

Liberia: ‘Water, Sanitation Key to Citizens’ Growth’ – New Dawn, January 14, 2020

Cholera symptoms can take five days to develop — Expert. Punch, January 13, 2020

Urgent health challenges for the next decade – WHO, January 13, 2020

3 ways India can tackle its human-waste problem

3 ways India can tackle its human-waste problem. World Economic Forum, October 2019.

On 2 October, the government of India declared the country open defecation-free (ODF). This is a significant milestone, which has addressed mindset, behavioural change and infrastructure gaps “Before the Flush”. But what happens “After the Flush”?

It is estimated that poor sanitation costs India 5.2% of its gross domestic product (GDP) annually. While much is being done to create access to toilets, the fact remains more than 57% of human waste globally is not contained, transported, or treated in a way that safely contains harmful pathogens. wef

A staggering 78% of sewage generated in India remains untreated and is unsafely disposed of in rivers, groundwater or lakes, contaminating 90% of all surface water.

India must find ways to manage its faecal sludge to secure clean water sources to meet the needs of its burgeoning population of 1.37 billion, and facilitate their healthy, productive participation in the economy.

Read the complete article.

Surveillance of water, sanitation and hygiene in schools: A practical tool – WHO; UNICEF

Surveillance of water, sanitation and hygiene in schools: A practical tool. WHO; UNICEF, 2019. eehh

Adequate access to water, hygiene and sanitation (WASH) in schools is every child’s right, as recognized in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Protocol on Water and Health and the Ostrava Declaration on Environment and Health.

Access to WASH in schools in the pan-European region presents many and diverse challenges. A key step to improve the situation, bringing better educational and health outcomes, is high-quality surveillance to raise awareness and drive progress.

This publication provides a practical tool to support countries in strengthening surveillance of WASH in schools. The findings will inform the development of supportive regulations and improvement planning to safeguard children’s health, well-being, dignity and cognitive performance.

The tool also enables countries to use the data collected to facilitate policy dialogue and inform international reporting, including on progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goal targets related to WASH in schools.

Emergency WASH biweekly update – October 15, 2019

Dear Colleagues:

This biweekly update includes an upcoming webinar and recent reports on water trucking and other topics. Also included is a brief bibliography on mobile technologies in humanitarian WASH settings. Please let us know if you have other studies and resources to add to the bibliography.

WEBINARS

November 13, 2019 Period Posse Presents | Changing the Norm: Mainstreaming Female Friendly Toilets | Speakers: David Clatworthy, IRC: Developing a female-friendly toilet toolkit for emergencies; Lea Jimera Acallar, Danish Red Cross: Innovative toilet designs in Bangladesh; Annie Msosa, WaterAid: Female-friendly public and community toilets: A Guide wateraid

REPORTS/BRIEFS

Briefing note on water trucking in refugee settings. UNHCR, 2018. This UNHCR technical guideline has been prepared for anyone involved in planning and implementing water trucking in refugee contexts including UNHCR staff, WASH organizations, water trucking contractors, governments and individuals.

Household Water Insecurity Experiences (HWISE) Scale. HWISE, 2019. The HWISE Scale has many uses: identify populations vulnerable to water insecurity; understand causes and consequences of water insecurity; track trends in household water insecurity over time; monitor and evaluate the impact of water policies and programs.

USAID OFDA DRC Ebola Fact Sheets – September 2019.

Humanitarian Investing – Mobilizing Capital to Overcome Fragility. World Economic Forum, 2019. This paper offers an articulation of the humanitarian investing landscape and its main actors and guiding principles, building upon ongoing work that promotes new models and multistakeholder dialog to complement, not replace, existing humanitarian response mechanisms.

Global humanitarian assistance report 2019. Development Initiatives, 2019. In 2018, an estimated 206.4 million people living in 81 countries were deemed in need of humanitarian assistance. A large portion of these people continued to be concentrated in a small number of countries: six countries accounted for 80.6 million people in need.

Continue reading

Emergency WASH biweekly update – October 2, 2019

Dear Colleagues:

Please let us know if you have upcoming events or recent studies and reports to feature in the next biweekly update.

REPORTS

USAID Yemen Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Fact Sheet, September 2019. USAID is implementing programming that addresses the underlying issues of limited access to safe water and sanitation. USAID’s Comprehensive WASH Support (CWS) program aims to improve access to safe and adequate water supply and basic sanitation infrastructure for households, hospitals, and schools. wateraid

Denial, Delay, Diversion: Tackling Access Challenges in an Evolving Humanitarian Landscape. CSIS, September 2019. To ensure the ability of aid to reach those who need it most and to uphold the principles of international humanitarian law, the United States should elevate humanitarian access as a foreign policy priority and work to reconcile tensions between critical national security measures and the growing needs of vulnerable populations in fragile, conflict-affected states.

Jordan: WASH Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) survey in Za’atari camp. REACH, July 2019. This assessment found that the integration of the water network has been successful as the vast majority of households are fully connected to both the water and waste water networks. Households have an increased understanding of the importance of water conservation practices, and a significantly greater proportion reported to practice such methods.

“Like a Drop of Water on a Fire” INADEQUATE INVESTMENT IN DURABLE SOLUTIONS FOR DROUGHT IDPS IN ETHIOPIA. Refugees International, September 2019. In the Somali region of eastern Ethiopia, drought internally displaced persons (IDPs)—people who have been forced to relocate because of the effects of severe drought—are now a forgotten population.

JOURNAL ARTICLES

WHO guidance for refugees in camps: systematic review. BMJ Open, August 2019. This is the first systematic analysis of how well WHO guidelines cover the specific clinical health needs of people in refugee camps.

Factors associated with practice of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) among the Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh. Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, in press. This study was conducted to examine WASH practices and associated risk factors among the Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh. The present study comprised 350 participants with data collected via a semi structured questionnaire. Most respondents (84%) did not have a good knowledge concerning WASH.

Acute Water-Scarcity Monitoring for Africa. Water, September 2019. We developed a monthly monitoring system that computes annual water availability per capita based on hydrologic data from the Famine Early Warning System Network (FEWS NET) Land Data Assimilation System (FLDAS) and gridded population data fromWorldPop.

BLOGS/ARTICLES

Averting a Cholera Epidemic in the Wake of Dual Natural Disasters. USAID Global Waters, September 2019. When Tropical Cyclone Idai made landfall March 15, 2019, it pummeled Mozambique’s fourth-largest city Beira and three neighboring provinces, leaving only 10 percent of the port city intact.

Faircap Open Water Filter. Elrha, September 2019. A low cost, small, portable antibacterial water filter that can be screwed into standard plastic bottles and can provide clean drinking water by filtering out sediment and bacteria to reduce gastrointestinal disease during emergency relief situations, refugee camps and poor urban and rural areas.

How handwashing behaviour change programmes can save lives in an emergency. By: Claudia Codsi, Private Sector Partnerships, Oxfam, August 2019. We created a program called ‘Mum’s Magic Hands’ drawing on emotional motivators, nudges and triggers to drive sustained behavior change. The results had a positive effect on mothers’ handwashing practice, increasing both awareness and practice of handwashing with soap.

150,000 refugee women and girls to receive transformative menstrual health management solution. Sanitation Updates, September 2019. The UN refugee Agency UNHCR and AFRIpads have just begun the largest rollout of reusable sanitary pad distribution and Menstrual Health Management (MHM) sensitization of refugees in Uganda.