Environmental enteric dysfunction and child stunting. Nutrition Reviews, Feb 9. The failure of polarized interventions to reduce stunting may lie in the rationale that the 3 main underlying causes—namely poor quality and quantity of food, poor care practices, and infectious disease—are either directly or indirectly related to inadequate WASH infrastructure and facilities.
The following sections aim to describe this relationship between linear growth failure and WASH and the reasons for the limited success of WASH interventions thus far to prevent stunting worldwide.
Evaluating the Potential of Container-Based Sanitation. World Bank, February 2019.
In the face of urbanization, alternative approaches are needed to deliver adequate and inclusive sanitation services across the full sanitation service chain. Container-based sanitation (CBS) consists of an end-to-end service—that is, one provided along the whole sanitation service chain—that collects excreta hygienically from toilets designed with sealable, removable containers and strives to ensure that the excreta is safely treated, disposed of, and reused.
This report builds on four case studies (SOIL – Haiti, x-runner – Peru, Clean Team – Ghana, Sanergy – Kenya) to assess the role CBS can play in a portfolio of solutions for citywide inclusive sanitation (CWIS) services.
The authors conclude that CBS approaches should be part of the CWIS portfolio of solutions, especially for poor urban populations for whom alternative on-site or sewer-based sanitation services might not be appropriate.
Customer satisfaction with existing services is high and services provided by existing CBS providers are considered safe but have some areas for improvement. While the proportion of total CBS service costs covered by revenues is still small, CBS services are considered to be priced similarly to the main sanitation alternatives in their service areas.
Recommendations include adopting a conducive policy and regulatory environment and exploring ways to ensure that CBS services are sustainably financed. The report also identifies areas for further analysis.
Frontiers 12: Rural Sanitation in Africa: Challenges, Good Practices and Ways Forward In order to achieve universal safely managed sanitation across Africa by 2030 the scale and pace will need to increase drastically.
This edition of Frontiers of CLTS draws on the discussions held across two regional Africa events in 2018, highlighting the challenges faced by programme implementers (both government and non-government staff) at different levels in relation to the Ngor Commitments and the achievement of universal access to safely managed sanitation.
A range of initiatives are presented that show promise in addressing these challenges, along with recommended priority actions.
Amid Neglected Diseases is a Neglected Solution – By Helen Hamilton
Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are called neglected for a reason: they’re widespread, painful and debilitating and, at times deadly diseases that prey on the poorest people; yet most are preventable.
Soil-transmitted helminths – intestinal worms such as hookworm, roundworm and whipworm – infect 1.5 billion people, more than half of whom are children¹. Schistosomiasis is endemic in 70 developing countries, with the vast majority of individuals infected located in Sub-Saharan Africa². 190 million people are at-risk of developing trachoma – a disease that is the single most preventable cause of blindness worldwide³ and responsible for an estimated $2.9 to $6 billion in global losses in productivity annually.
These are just three of over 20 diseases that make up this grouping of NTDs which take a devastating toll on human health, quality of life, livelihoods and national economies, particularly for those in the bottom billion, across 149 countries.
Amidst the devastation brought on by these neglected diseases is a neglected solution. Strong evidence shows that access to safe, sustainable and reliable water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions plays a critical role in preventing transmission.
Read the complete article.
The Nakuru Accord: failing better in the WASH sector. CLTS website, December 20, 2018.
Things can, and do, go wrong in water, sanitation and hygiene.
In July 2018, an event at the Water Engineering Development Centre (WEDC) Conference in Nakuru, Kenya, ‘Blunders, Bloopers and Foul-ups: A WASH Game Show‘ inspired a call for WASH professionals to publicly commit to sharing their failures and learning from one another.
Read the ten principles in the Nakuru Accord asking WASH professional to commit to creating a culture based on transparency and accountability. Be inspired and sign up yourself!
Catch up on latest #water & #WASH updates on “@USAID in the News” from Globalwaters.org:
- @WADApartnership commissions h2o projects in 2 Nigerian states @USAIDNigeria,
- & in Kenya learn about “miracle well” of Makueni County @KiwashProject @USAIDKenya
Link to USAID in the News
Water Utilities – Water Currents, December 13, 2018
Today, more than half the world’s population is living in cities; by 2050, two-thirds of the world’s projected population will be urban. The U.S. Government Global Water Strategy states that this rapid pace of urbanization requires increased attention to urban services and water utilities.
Even as utilities strive to serve growing populations, water availability in cities is projected to shrink by as much as two-thirds by 2050. The ability of utilities to provide a safely managed water service—and to reach the unserved—will be underpinned by their investment in efficiency improvement, policy and institutional capacity development, access to financing, and ability to respond to climate change—even more than infrastructure investments.
Studies and reports in this issue address the management and operational issues of water utilities as well as their operating environment. A special thanks to the staff of DAI, the World Bank, and Asian Development Bank for suggesting water utilities as a topic for this issue and contributing content.
Read the complete issue.