The Sanitation Economy in Agriculture: Sector Level Opportunities, New Toolbox, and Case Study. Toilet Board Coalition, November 2018.
Sanitation systems have a material impact on agriculture – on the soil, on the water, and
on the people who work and live on plantations. Improving sanitation in agricultural businesses will:
- Improve the health of workers and their families, increasing well-being and
- Eliminate open defecation and environmental contamination of soil and
- Reduce climate change impact through reduction of methane emissions
How stakeholders should work together to end open defecation.
Toilet block in Odisha, India. Photo: Andrea van der Kerk/IRC
Solving rural sanitation problems in India requires the involvement of multiple stakeholders. These include government, programme implementers, financing institutions, entrepreneurs and households. Understanding the roles, strengths and weaknesses of each stakeholder, how they interact and complement each other, is key to achieving India’s ambitious goal of ending open defecation by 2019.
As a follow-up to the Sanitation Innovation Accelerator, IRC, Ennovent and Ecociate Consultants commissioned a study to gain insights in the sanitation market in Bihar and Odisha, two states with relatively low levels of sanitation coverage: 29% and 43% respectively. The study was conducted over a period of 3 months (from January to March 2017) in two rural districts: one with a high population density and situated in a heavy clay silt agricultural plain (Samastipur district, Bihar) and the other with a low population density situated in a sandy tropical coast (Ganjam district, Odisha).
RECENT USAID WASH PUBLICATIONS/RESOURCES
OPEN ACCESS PUBLICATIONS
- The importance of thinking beyond the water-supply in cholera epidemics: A historical urban case-study. PLoS NTDs, Nov 27. Spatially targeted cholera interventions, such as reactive vaccination or sanitation/hygiene campaigns in hotspot neighborhoods, would likely have been more effective in this epidemic than control measures aimed at interrupting long-cycle transmission, such as improving municipal water quality.
- THE PERFORMANCE OF PALESTINIAN LOCAL GOVERNMENTS AN ASSESSMENT OF SERVICE DELIVERY OUTCOMES AND PERFORMANCE DRIVERS IN THE WEST BANK AND GAZA. World Bank, June 2017.
- Entamoeba histolytica Briefing Report. GWPP, Nov 2017. Entamoeba histolytica is an invasive, pathogenic protozoan, causing amoebiasis, and an important cause of diarrhea in developing countries.
- Solid waste and faecal sludge management in situations of rapid mass displacement. IDS, Oct 2017.
- Innovative WASH options in situations of severe overcrowding. IDS, Oct 2017. A rapid review of the literature has found a selection of innovative WASH options available for situations of severe population overcrowding and limited spaces. Case study information was collated from African, Middle Eastern, South Asian and Caribbean countries.
These articles will be open access until December 1, 2017.