Category Archives: Hygiene Promotion

Facilitating handwashing where water is scarce – EAWAG

Facilitating handwashing where water is scarce – EAWAG, October 22, 2018.

Even though the water we’ve used for washing our hands is barely contaminated, it usually disappears down the drain, never to be used again. A newly developed system allows handwashing water to be recycled, thus not only saving water, but also helping to prevent infectious diseases in developing countries. eawag

Every year, according to WHO figures, around four million people die as a result of diarrhoeal diseases or respiratory infections. Particularly in developing countries, these deaths are largely attributable to poor hygiene – the problem would be significantly alleviated by regular handwashing.

But how can this be achieved in places where people lack access to safe water, or piped water is unavailable? This issue is being addressed by a group of environmental engineers led by ETH Professor Eberhard Morgenroth (Head of Process Engineering at Eawag), carrying out research as part of the Blue Diversion AUTARKY project.

They have now developed a grid-free treatment system allowing greywater – relatively clean wastewater from showering, bathing or handwashing – to be repeatedly recycled.

As Morgenroth points out, while commercial systems are already available which enable greywater to be treated on-site for use in toilet flushing, the recycled water does not meet the required quality standards to be used for other purposes.

Read the complete article.

Water access and sanitation shape birth outcomes and earning potential

Water access and sanitation shape birth outcomes and earning potential. Mongabay, November 8, 2018. mongabay.png

  • Spending more time per day fetching water increased Indian women’s risk of delivering a low birth weight baby, a study has said.
  • Open defecation and using a shared latrine within a woman’s building or compound were also associated with higher odds of low birth weight and pre-term births, respectively, compared to having a private household toilet.
  • The researchers believe that improving water, sanitation and health access and/or reducing gender-based harassment could reduce these adverse birth outcomes.
  • Another study pointed out that enhanced access to a reliable and proximate water supply reduced the time spent by women in collecting water and the proportion of hard labour performed by women. In addition, the thus freed may be spent on other income generating activities.

Read the complete article.

Surprise (or not)! Toy-in-soap intervention increases handwashing among kids in emergency contexts

Surprise (or not)! Toy-in-soap intervention increases handwashing among kids in emergency contexts. FHI360 Research, October 2018.

There is nothing more satisfying in life, for me, than being able to say: I never thought of it that way. The most game-changing innovations can often have seemingly common sense solutions, and we see these solutions popping up everywhere in peer-reviewed literature. soap.png

One of those published solutions jumped out at me this week as I read a Crowd 360 blog post about innovative hand hygiene interventions to celebrate Global Handwashing Day. Researchers from LSHTM, Save the Children and their partners published new evidence showing toys inside soap can increase handwashing among kids in emergency humanitarian contexts.

Studies have examined handwashing with soap in a variety of ways over the years – with adults, with young kids, and with older kids; with health-based messages, with nudges, and with motivational messages; in school-settings, and in stable, non-emergency settings. The new toy-in-soap study, however, is the first evaluation of its kind. Here I summarize why the study is different, what the authors found and why those findings matter.

Read the complete article.

WHO; IWA – Strengthening operations & maintenance through water safety planning

Strengthening operations & maintenance through water safety planning: A collection of case studies. WHO; IWA, September 2018. who

Strong operations and maintenance (O&M) programmes underpin the effectiveness and sustainability of drinking-water supply systems. Increased attention to and investment in O&M is needed to ensure that water safety and service delivery targets are consistently met and that public health is protected.

Water safety plans (WSPs) are a valuable tool to strengthen O&M programmes, and may contribute to improved O&M by supporting the systematic assessment, prioritization and management of risks from catchment to consumer, including those related to inadequate O&M.

This document presents case studies from lower and higher income settings around the world that highlight O&M benefits resulting from WSP implementation. These case studies contribute to a growing body of information on the outcomes of water safety planning and may be useful in building support for WSPs among water sector senior managers, operational staff and other stakeholders.

130 Sensitization tools for the 15th October Handwashing Day – PSEAU.org

This October 15, over two hundred million people gather together all over the world and celebrate Global Handwashing Day. Why such a big focus on handwashing? This simple action, when practiced regularly can significantly reduce the risk of illness and death from diarrheal disease and pneumonia. pseau_74x74_1

The theme of this year’s celebration, “Clean Hands-A Recipe for Health,” focuses on the links between handwashing and food – including food hygiene and nutrition. This reminds us to make handwashing a part of every meal.

If you are searching some sensitization tools, we suggest you to consult Pedag-eau, a big on-line database. http://www.pedag-eau.org

With the keyword “handwashing”, here the direct link for the
list of English tools on handwashing

list of French handwashing tools.

You will find video films, comics, teaching tools, and others. To ease your research between 130 tools, here a classification:

•  Posters, visual aid
•  Press article
•  Audio
•  Online courses, MOOC
•  Comics
•  Cartoons
•  Games
•  Phone Applications 
•  Educational material
•  Stories, tales
•  Films video 
•  Notes
•  Booklets, pamphlets
•  Manuals, Guides, Books
•  Reports

Global Handwashing Day 2018 – Water Currents, October 10, 2018

Global Handwashing Day 2018 – Water Currents, October 10, 2018

Celebrate Global Handwashing Day (GHD) on October 15, 2018. Organized by the Global Handwashing Partnership, this important international advocacy day is dedicated to increasing awareness and understanding about the importance of handwashing with soap (HWS). HWS is one of the most effective and affordable ways to prevent diarrhea and pneumonia––the leading causes of death for children under the age of 5. ghd2018

The theme of this year’s celebration, “Clean Hands—A Recipe for Health,” emphasizes the key role that handwashing plays in reducing the prevalence of diarrheal disease and increasing overall health. For that reason, USAID and local partners promote improved handwashing behavior—educating the public about the health benefits of regular handwashing with soap; encouraging handwashing behavior change; and improving handwashing infrastructure in schools, health facilities, businesses, and households around the world to help create healthier, more self-reliant communities.

Hygiene and handwashing behavior change are also highlighted in the 2017 U.S. Government Global Water Strategy and USAID’s Water and Development Plan.

This issue contains contributions from the Global Handwashing Partnership, USAID, and others, as well as the latest studies on handwashing and food hygiene.

Join the #GlobalHandwashingDay conversation @USAIDWater.

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Global Handwashing Partnership Resources
Global Handwashing Partnership (GHP) website – GHP is a coalition of international stakeholders who work explicitly to promote handwashing with soap and recognize hygiene as a pillar of international development and public health. GHP has importantresources on its website for promoting GHD.

Norms, Nudges, or Addiction: Understanding Drivers for Handwashing BehaviorGHPUSAID, September 2017. In this webinar, Nga Ngyuen of USAID, Dr. Reshmaan Hussam, Assistant Professor of Business Administration at Harvard Business School, and Dr. Hans Mosler of the University of Zurich and EAWAG present updates on recent research and key implications of two frameworks for handwashing behavior change.

The Forgotten Juncture? Handwashing and Safe Management of Child FecesGHPUSAID; International Water Center; Water and Engineering Center for Development; UNICEF, August 2018. Safe disposal of children’s feces is a critical practice. This webinar discusses the present status and impact of child feces disposal practices and handwashing, shares experiences across regions, and reviews key considerations for practitioners.

USAID Resources
Global Handwashing Day 2018: Clean Hands—A Recipe for HealthGlobal Waters, September 2018. This collection of photos highlights USAID’s support for improved handwashing practices and how the Agency is helping create healthier communities around the world.

Read the complete issue.

Development and Application of Novel Caregiver Hygiene Behavior Measures Relating to Food Preparation, Handwashing, and Play Environments in Rural Kenya

Development and Application of Novel Caregiver Hygiene Behavior Measures Relating to Food Preparation, Handwashing, and Play Environments in Rural KenyaInt. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 201815(9), 1994; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15091994

Exposure to fecal pathogens results in both acute and chronic sequalae in young children. Diarrhea causes nearly 20% of all under-five mortality, while even sub-clinical enteric infections may lead to growth shortfalls. Stunting affects nearly 165 million children globally and results in lifelong and intergenerational effects for the world’s poorest populations. ijerph-logo

Caregiver hygiene behaviors, such as those surrounding handwashing and food preparation, play a critical role in exposure to fecal pathogens; standard metrics to assess these behaviors are warranted to provide a means of quantifying the impact these behaviors have on enteric infections and to evaluate the success or failure of interventions and programs.

This paper documents the development of three novel caregiver hygiene behavior measures: hygienic food preparation and storage, handwashing at key times, and provision of a safe play environment for children under two years.

We developed these measures using formative qualitative work, survey creation and deployment theoretically underpinned by the COM-B model of behavior change, and exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis.

The final measure for hygienic food preparation and storage includes 10 items across two factors; the final measure for handwashing at key times includes 15 items across three factors; and the final measure for safe play environment contains 13 items across three factors.

Future researchers may employ these measures to assess caregiver behaviors in other populations, identify specific behavioral dimensions that should be the focus of interventions, and evaluate interventions and programs