Author Archives: usaidwaterckm

Is shared sanitation the answer to Maputo’s sanitation challenge?

Is shared sanitation the answer to Maputo’s sanitation challenge? Water Blog, August 20, 2018.

Poor sanitation is the all too familiar story in many expanding African cities and Mozambique’s capital city Maputo is no exception. In fact, over half of the country’s urban population lack access to even basic sanitation.

With an estimated 668 million city dwellers around the world not having access to safe sanitation, overcoming sanitation challenges in cities like Maputo will go a long way towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goal for safe sanitation (SDG 6.2).

sharedsanitation

Sanitation Blocks in Charmanculo

But large numbers can sometimes obscure or make abstract the tough reality for individuals and families.

The experience of Rute Rodrigues, a widow and mother of five children living in one of many densely populated low-income neighbourhoods (known locally as ‘bairros’)’ is a common one.

As she recounts: “We had a precarious latrine that over the course of time became damaged and collapsed due to heavy rains leaving us without access to even basic sanitation”.

Read the complete article.

A listing of 2018 WASH reports from the World Health Organization

2018 WASH Reports from the World Health Organization

Engaging men and boys in sanitation and hygiene programmes

Engaging men and boys in sanitation and hygiene programmes. IDS, August 2018.

Discussions of gender in sanitation and hygiene often focus on the roles, positions or impacts on women and girls. Such a focus is critical to improving the gendered outcomes in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), as women and girls bear the greatest burden of WASH work yet are often excluded from planning, delivery and monitoring community WASH activities as a result of having less power, resources, time and status than their male peers.

However, current efforts to improve sanitation and change social norms may not always actively engage men and boys in the most effective way. There is more to learn about how the roles men and boys actually play out in improving use of safe sanitation and improved hygiene practices and – if necessary – how the engagement strategies can be modified to make efforts more successful.

This issue of Frontiers of CLTS shares and builds on the learning from a desk study that explores examples of men’s and boys’ behaviours and gender roles in sanitation and hygiene. Of particular interest is the extent to which the engagement of men and boys in S&H processes is leading to sustainable and transformative change in households and communities and reducing gendered inequality.

The review focuses on men and boys: how to engage them (or not), how to mobilise them as allies in the transformation of S&H outcomes and the problems they contribute to and experience.

USAID WASH in the News

USAID WASH in the News

We scour global news sources to find the latest stories featuring USAID’s work in the water sector (so you don’t have to). Check in for weekly updates to this page or let us know if you have an item to sharenews

Recent news items include:

  • Small Water Enterprises: Providing Safe Drinking Water for Resilient Cities at Stockholm World Water Week
  • Peru’s New Generation Of Water Leaders Reach Across Traditional Government Divides For Natural Infrastructure
  • Keeping the Water Flowing: One Village in Nepal Is Working to Implement a Shared Vision of the Future
  • USAID Cosecha Water Harvesting Program in Honduras

Mapping the evidence on WASH promotion in communities, schools and health facilities – 3ie Impact

Mapping the evidence on WASH promotion in communities, schools and health facilities. 3ie Impact, August 2018.  three

Highlights

  • The number of rigorous studies on WASH promotion in households, schools and communities has increased substantially.
  • Very few rigorous studies exist on WASH promotion in medical facilities.
  • Many new studies evaluate previously under-researched approaches, such as community-led total sanitation, and measure important sector outcomes, including school attendance and reducing open defecation.
  • More studies are needed to measure programme effects on the sustained use of technologies and slippage back to open defecation.
  • A critical need exists for studies on promotional approaches for vulnerable populations, especially people living with disabilities, for whom no studies are available. New, high-quality systematic reviews are available, including ones on the effectiveness of hygiene and sanitation behavioural approaches and menstrual hygiene management.
  • Synthesis gaps remain for high-quality reviews on WASH interventions in schools and on decentralised delivery

Strengthening the business case for water, sanitation and hygiene: how to measure value for your business – WaterAid

Strengthening the business case for water, sanitation and hygiene – how to measure value for your business. WaterAid, August 2018.

In response to the challenge of quantifying the business benefits, WaterAid, Diageo, GAP Inc., and Unilever have worked with PwC and ODI to develop a practical, step-by-step guide. WASH business case_infographic.jpg

The guide will help companies understand the business value of their WASH investments and calculate their financial return on investment (ROI).

It is aimed at companies who are likely to have an established WASH programme and want to evidence the financial benefits of their WASH interventions. This may be to:

  1. Strengthen the internal case for future investment.
  2. Work with suppliers to scale up WASH programmes.
  3. Generate more business case data, which can be shared in a consistent format and used to catalyse action across the business community.

What can you do?

This guide provides an opportunity for progressive companies to take a lead, showcasing the incentives for business investment on WASH while catalysing action. WaterAid, Diageo, GAP Inc., and Unilever call on companies to use the guide and, most importantly, share the data they generate, and their learnings, with WaterAid.

Faecal Sludge and Septage Treatment: A guide for low- and middle-income countries

Faecal Sludge and Septage Treatment: A guide for low- and middle-income countries. Practical Action Publishing.

Author: Kevin Tayler | Published: 2018 | Pages: 370

Many middle- and low-income countries are experiencing rapid urbanization, which creates a need for services, including sanitation. fsm

While some areas in some towns and cities are sewered, most people, especially the urban poor, continue to use various forms of on-site sanitation. These require periodic emptying and the material removed from them must be treated before reuse or discharge to the environment.

Faecal Sludge and Septage Treatment confronts the urgent need to treat increasing volumes of faecal sludge and septage in the rapidly expanding towns and cities of the global south. It discusses the urban contexts that influence treatment requirements and overall septage treatment processes.

It examines the options and design approaches at each stage of treatment, from reception, through preliminary treatment, solids – liquid separation, anaerobic and aerobic treatment of the separated liquid and solid fractions to systems to render treated products suitable for reuse in either agriculture or as a fuel.

Faecal Sludge and Septage Treatment provides straightforward guidance on the options for faecal sludge treatment and the choices between those options. All concepts and approaches are clearly explained so as to make Faecal Sludge and Septage Treatment accessible to a non-specialist readership.