USAID WASH updates | Research on open defecation, MHM, water utilities, etc.

Assessing Deprivation with an Ordinal Variable: Theory and Application to Sanitation Deprivation in Bangladesh. World Bank, 2020. This paper first proposes a class of simple, intuitive and policy-relevant poverty measures for ordinal variables. These measures are sensitive to depth of deprivations, unlike the headcount ratio. Moreover, under appropriate restrictions, the measures ensure that priority is given to the poorest among the poor while targeting, monitoring and evaluating poverty alleviation programs.

Menstrual Hygiene

How do women and girls experience menstrual health interventions in low- and middle-income countries? Insights from a systematic review and qualitative metasynthesis. Culture, Health and Sexuality, March 2020. We systematically reviewed and synthesised qualitative studies of participant experiences of menstrual health interventions. Included studies were undertaken in 6 countries (India, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Zimbabwe, South Africa) and involved over 900 participants.

Water Supplies/Water Utilities

Comparative performance of rural water supplies during drought. Nature Communications, March 4. Prioritising access to groundwater via multiple improved sources and a portfolio of technologies, such as hand-pumped and motorised boreholes, supported by responsive and proactive operation and maintenance, increases rural water supply resilience.

Water Diplomacy and its Future in the National, Regional, European and Global Environments. Science Diplomacy in the Making: Case-based insights from the S4D4C project, 2020.  Water diplomacy is a new field of diplomacy that combines the methods of science diplomacy (focusing on close ties between the worlds of science and diplomacy) with traditional diplomatic instruments. It is defined by its emphasis on water-related topics: access to drinking water, water sanitation, water scarcity, flooding, etc. All these categories are included in the broader category of international water management.

A Benchmark for the Performance of State-Owned Water Utilities in the Caribbean. World Bank, 2020. This benchmark analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of 14 water utilities, with focus on Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, and St. Lucia. It is a tool for policy makers and practitioners seeking to improve service delivery in the sector, restore or maintain fiscal discipline, and pursue sector goals in a sustainable manner.

Evaluating the Level of the Household Water Service Provided by a Private Water Enterprise in Ghana. Water, March 2020. A private service delivery model in Ghana utilizing solar-powered water treatment, circuit rider principles, pre-paid metering, and a district-wide approach was assessed for three years.

WASH and the Coronavirus

Water, sanitation, hygiene and waste management for COVID-19 Technical Brief, 03 March 2020. WHO; UNICEF. Provision of safe water, sanitation and hygienic conditions play an essential role in protecting human health during all infectious disease outbreaks, including the current COVID-19 outbreak. Good and consistently applied WASH and waste management practices, in communities, homes, schools, marketplaces and health care facilities will further help to prevent human-to-human transmission of COVID-19.

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