USAID WASH updates | Research on WASH and health, water recycling, etc.

How small water enterprises are transforming women’s work. Devex, February 2020. SWEs, which involve collecting, treating, and selling clean water via water treatment centers or stations, from a store, kiosk, or door-to-door, are increasingly being recognized as a cost-effective solution to providing clean drinking water.

Water and Nutrition: Harmonizing Actions for the United Nations Decade of Action on Nutrition and the United Nations Water Action Decade. Unscn, Feb 2020. The paper comprises 1) a summary of trends in water insecurity and malnutrition, 2) an overview of the multiple pathways between water and nutrition, 3) a section identifying challenges related to growing competition for water, through the lenses of climate change and equity in access, and 4) a section proposing three recommendations to accelerate collaboration and joint action across the water and nutrition communities.

JOURNAL ARTICLES

Comparison of Face Washing and Face Wiping Methods for Trachoma Control: A Pilot Study. Am Jnl Trop Med Hyg, Feb 2020. The prevalence of C. trachomatis on face swabs was reduced by all washing protocols. The importance of soap should not be overlooked during facial cleanliness promotion.

The association of water carriage, water supply and sanitation usage with maternal and child health. A combined analysis of 49 Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys from 41 countries. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, January 2020. Fetching water is associated with poorer maternal and child health outcomes, depending on who collects water. The percentage of people using improved sanitation seems to be more important than type of toilet facility, and must be high to observe an association with reduced child deaths and diarhhoea. Water access on premises, and near universal usage of improved sanitation, is associated with improvements to maternal and child health.

Designing Human Rights for Duty Bearers: Making the Human Rights to Water and Sanitation Part of Everyday Practice at the Local Government Level. Water, January 30, 2020. In this paper, we describe the development and features of the Making Rights Real approach, share initial results from its implementation, and reflect on the potential for the approach to catalyse transformational change towards local realisation of the human rights to water and sanitation.

Have Five Decades of Development Engineering Research Improved Sanitation in Southern Africa? Journal of International Development, January 2020. While external agencies have actively promoted a variety of approaches, engineered interventions were most successful where they took account of social, economic and environmental contexts, reflected local preferences and were developed by, or in close coordination with, the operational institutions concerned.

Can conformity overcome the yuck factor? Explaining the choice for recycled drinking water. Journal of Cleaner Production, January 2020. This paper explores the role of conformity, as a social norm, in increasing public acceptance of recycled water for drinking.

UPCOMING WEBINARS

UNC Water Institute – WaSH inequalities persist in vulnerable minority groups in wealthy countries, March 18, 2020. The panel will be moderated by Aaron Salzberg, Director, Water Institute at UNC.

RECENT WEBINARS

IWA Webinar: Regulating the WASH sector from a human rights lens, February 20, 2020. Featuring a presentation from the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation, this webinar aimed to discuss the way forward for the next decade on the realization of the human rights to water and sanitation.

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