USAID WASH updates | Research on toilet alarms, handwashing, FSM, etc. updates

USAID Sustainable WASH Systems Learning Partnership study – System Approaches to Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene: A Systematic Literature Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, Jan 2020. We conducted a wide-ranging systematic literature review of systems approaches for WASH across peer-reviewed, grey, and organizational literature.

Blog post – Breaking Gender Stereotypes, One Toilet at a Time – Merab Namiwanda is an instructor at Ssanje Community Polytechnic Institute and a professional plumber. The mother of four attended a mason training conducted by USAID’s Uganda Sanitation for Health Activity in Kyotera, which demonstrated an improved sanitation product called SATO.

Other USAID updates

Interview with Women in Science: Meet Elizabeth Jordan, USAID WASH Advisor. Feed the Future, Feb 10, 2020. Meet Elizabeth Jordan and learn more about her experience and advice for the next generation of women in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM).

USAID/CENTRAL ASIA ENVIRONMENT AND WATER FACT SHEET, January 2020. USAID’s Smart Waters Project seeks to build a cadre of professionals in Central Asia and Afghanistan who are capable of managing shared water resources to maximize the economic value of water equitably over the long term in the face of climate change and other pressures.


Special Issue “Solutions for Improving Essential Environmental Conditions in Healthcare Facilities in Low- and Middle-Income Countries” A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2020. In this Special Issue, we are interested in papers that illuminate the scope of the problem, identify potential solutions and effective implementation approaches, and test novel technologies that could help to improve essential environmental conditions (e.g., infrastructure, hygienic items, clean surfaces, behaviors) in HCFs.


Achieving Abundance: Understanding the Cost of a Sustainable Water Future. WRI, January 2020. The paper estimates the costs of delivering sustainable water management for all countries and major basins—estimated globally as US$1.04 trillion (2015$) annually from 2015 to 2030.

“Now we feel like respected adults” – Positive change in gender roles and relations in a Timor-Leste WASH program. WaterAid, Jan 2020. The findings from this research indicate that with just a little conscious effort, WASH programs may achieve not only positive practical outcomes for women, but also small but significant changes for women’s strategic gender interests.

Training manual for fecal sludge-based compost production and application. IWMI, 2020. Based on IWMI’s experience, this training manual has been compiled for plant managers and trainers to help ensure that staff involved in FS treatment and production adopt best practices in all processes involved.

Global Experiences on Waste Processing with Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens): From Technology to Business. IWMI, 2019. The report showcases some of the leading global businesses in Black Soldier Fly production.

Journal Articles

Child handwashing in an internally displaced persons camp in Northern Iraq: A qualitative multi-method exploration of motivational drivers and other handwashing determinants. PLoS One, Feb 2020. Provision of soap and water alone is not sufficient to encourage children to practice handwashing with soap in a humanitarian context. Our findings suggest that equal consideration should be given to the quality and location of handwashing materials and facilities and social norms could be leveraged to promote and enhance child handwashing.

Toilet Alarms: A Novel Application of Latrine Sensors and Machine Learning for Optimizing Sanitation Services in Informal Settlements. Development Engineering, February 2020. This study used cellular-connected motion sensors and machine learning to dynamically predict when daily latrine servicing could be skipped with a low risk of overflow.

A transdisciplinary methodology for introducing SODIS to rural communities in Malawi – formative research findings. IEAM, Feb 2020. Our study used a transdisciplinary methodology to co‐create an innovative SODIS system in rural Malawi.

Designing integrated interventions to improve nutrition and WASH behaviors in Kenya. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, Feb 2020. This study highlights the need to take a multi-sectorial, integrated approach that integrates contextually relevant behavior change theories with the experiential knowledge gleaned from stakeholders into the design of interventions that seek to reduce child stunting.


Q&A: How to plug the WASH financing gaps. Devex, Feb 2020. “Invest in systems of accountability and you’ll see you are planting seeds that will flourish very quickly. You will attract investments and build confidence among donors.”— Catarina de Albuquerque, CEO, Sanitation and Water for All.

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