USAID WASH updates | WASH research on MHM, hygiene, financing, etc.

USAID Reports/Blog Posts

Tackling Southern Africa’s freshwater challenges by Dr Chris Brooks, USAID Resilient Waters Programme. IUCN, January 2020. Local communities in Southern Africa are facing severe water challenges regarding freshwater for drinking, sanitation, and other services. The Okavango and Limpopo river basins are key transboundary water bodies in this region, where USAID’s Resilient Waters Program operates.

USAID/CENTRAL ASIA ENVIRONMENT AND WATER FACTSHEET. USAID, Jan 2020. USAID’s introduction of integrated water resources management principles at the basin level provide a model for cooperation, governance and climate change adaptation that demonstrate the benefits of shared water management to the broader watershed.

PARTNERSHIPS FOR ENHANCED ENGAGEMENT IN RESEARCH (PEER) FACT SHEET. USAID, Jan 2020. The goal of PEER in Central Asia is to improve domestic and regional water management for better cross-border cooperation and less water waste.

Water for Life: Using CLA to Transform a WASH System into a Self-Reliant Apparatus. CLA, 2019. The CLA approach, still ongoing, has resulted in a self-reliant, functioning system that connects self-managed and self-financed community structures to local government institutes that are now implementing transparent and evidence-based resource allocation for WASH needs, and to trained, accountable government service providers and a stronger WASH private sector.

Globalwaters.org – New blog posts, stories, news and events

Reports

The Global Risks Report 2020. WEF, Jan 2020. Water crises, in acknowledgement of their far-reaching consequences, are now categorized as a societal risk.

Untreated and Unsafe: Solving the Urban Sanitation Crisis in the Global South. World Resources Institute, Dec 2019. Cities must ensure universal access to safe, reliable, and affordable sanitation so that all urban residents can lead productive, healthy, and thriving lives. New analysis of 15 cities in the global South shows that on average, 62 percent of sewage and fecal sludge is unsafely managed somewhere along the sanitation service chain.

Journal Articles

Ruminant Fecal Contamination of Drinking Water Introduced Post-Collection in Rural Kenyan Households. IJERPH, Jan 2020. Authors: Latifah Hamzah, Alexandria B. Boehm, Jennifer Davis, Amy J. Pickering, Marlene Wolfe, Maryanne Mureithi and Angela Harris
Three combinations were identified:(i) ruminants in the compound, safe water extraction methods, and long storage time, (ii) ruminants, unsafe water extraction methods, and no soap at the household handwashing station, and (iii) long storage time and no soap.

Antimicrobial resistant enteric bacteria are widely distributed amongst people, animals and the environment in Tanzania. Nature Communicatons, Jan 2020. Multivariate models show no evidence that veterinary antibiotic use increased the odds of detecting AR bacteria, whereas there is a strong association with livelihood factors related to bacterial transmission, demonstrating that to be effective, interventions need to accommodate different cultural practices and resource limitations.

Can we ‘WaSH’ infectious diseases out of slums? International Journal of Infectious Diseases, Jan 2020. Authors: Allen G. Ross, Mahbubur Rahman, Munirul Alam, K. Zaman, & Firdausi Qadri –
In sum, a range of low cost WaSH solutions have been trialed but their impact has been modest when deployed with vaccination. Clinical trials of more expensive WaSH options are required in order to determine the best available technology at an affordable price. We can WaSH infectious diseases out of slums but at what cost?

What’s missing in MHM? Moving beyond hygiene in menstrual hygiene management. SRHM, Dec 2019. A focus on rights emphasizes both the naturalness of menstruation and the individual girl or woman as a rights-bearing agent. This reorientation can help to begin to shed the stigma around menstruation, and also to act as a catalyst to bring new voices into the global movement for better menstrual practices.

Poultry Ownership Associated with Increased Risk of Child Diarrhea: Cross-Sectional Evidence from Uganda. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Jan 2020. Children in households with the above-median number (> 5) of poultry had 83% higher diarrhea prevalence than those with ≤ 5 poultry (adjusted PR = 1.83 [1.04, 3.23], P = 0.04). Children in households with the above-median number (> 2) of cows had 48% lower prevalence of respiratory infection than those with ≤ 2 cows (adjusted PR = 0.52 [0.35, 0.76], P < 0.005). There were no other significant associations between domestic animals and child health.

Blogs

Closing gaps and financing taps: The next step for rural water supply. Water Blog, Jan 2020.  A new model in Tanzania is experimenting with a bold solution combining blended financing with emerging technologies. The pilot seeks to demonstrate that rural communities can repay 40% of the capital investment and maintenance service contracts without increasing the price of water.

Solving the big challenges of inclusive services through peer-to-peer learning. WSUP, Jan 2020. There is no greater way for city authorities and regulators to learn about developing inclusive water and sanitation services than from their peers – other institutions around the world who are confronting similar issues.

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