Emergency WASH biweekly update – October 15, 2019

Dear Colleagues:

This biweekly update includes an upcoming webinar and recent reports on water trucking and other topics. Also included is a brief bibliography on mobile technologies in humanitarian WASH settings. Please let us know if you have other studies and resources to add to the bibliography.

WEBINARS

November 13, 2019 Period Posse Presents | Changing the Norm: Mainstreaming Female Friendly Toilets | Speakers: David Clatworthy, IRC: Developing a female-friendly toilet toolkit for emergencies; Lea Jimera Acallar, Danish Red Cross: Innovative toilet designs in Bangladesh; Annie Msosa, WaterAid: Female-friendly public and community toilets: A Guide wateraid

REPORTS/BRIEFS

Briefing note on water trucking in refugee settings. UNHCR, 2018. This UNHCR technical guideline has been prepared for anyone involved in planning and implementing water trucking in refugee contexts including UNHCR staff, WASH organizations, water trucking contractors, governments and individuals.

Household Water Insecurity Experiences (HWISE) Scale. HWISE, 2019. The HWISE Scale has many uses: identify populations vulnerable to water insecurity; understand causes and consequences of water insecurity; track trends in household water insecurity over time; monitor and evaluate the impact of water policies and programs.

USAID OFDA DRC Ebola Fact Sheets – September 2019.

Humanitarian Investing – Mobilizing Capital to Overcome Fragility. World Economic Forum, 2019. This paper offers an articulation of the humanitarian investing landscape and its main actors and guiding principles, building upon ongoing work that promotes new models and multistakeholder dialog to complement, not replace, existing humanitarian response mechanisms.

Global humanitarian assistance report 2019. Development Initiatives, 2019. In 2018, an estimated 206.4 million people living in 81 countries were deemed in need of humanitarian assistance. A large portion of these people continued to be concentrated in a small number of countries: six countries accounted for 80.6 million people in need.

JOURNAL ARTICLES

Deep Groundwater as an Alternative Source of Water in the Ogaden Jesoma Sandstone Aquifers of Somali Region, Ethiopia. Water, August 2019. The study provided insights into deep groundwater identification and development as well as adaptive deep borehole drilling as a source for climate-resilient water supplies.

BLOGS/NEWS

Climate Change Is Hurting Africa’s Water Sector, but Investing in Water Can Pay Off. WRI, October 2019. Improving water management in African countries can boost their climate resilience.

The United States supports the world’s first fish farm in a refugee camp. World Food Program, October 2019.

Japanese startups develop innovative ways to supply water in disasters. Kyodo News, October 2019.

Biplab and His Bhungroo Pipe—An Earthquake Results in Innovation. Securing Water for Food, September 2019.

UNHCR Refugee Briefs – October 2019. UNHCR.

EMERGENCY WASH AND MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES

Mapping and analysis of the disaster risk of water supply schemes by using mobile application. 41st WEDC International Conference in Kenya, 2018. After the earthquake of Nepal in 2015, a study was conducted the risk mapping and carried out analysis of the selected water supply scheme (WSS) at all links in the water supply chain from source to consumers and also determined the functionality status of WSS in the post-earth quake scenario by developing a standardized user guidebook and methodologies. A mobile based tool KOBO was used to collect the data and information and findings were linked with Google Earth.

The digital lives of refugees: How displaced populations use mobile phones and what gets in the way. GSMA, July 2019. Humanitarian services are increasingly digitising and mobile phone penetration and use among refugees is growing. The transition to mobile-based services can offer significant protection dividends and other wide-ranging benefits for refugees who are digitally literate, have the means to be digitally included (such as appropriate ID) and can access and engage with mobile services effectively.

Disruptive technologies and their use in disaster risk reduction and management. ITU, 2019. Technological advancement and innovation have created new opportunities for enhancing disaster resiliency and risk reduction. Developments in disruptive technologies – such as artificial intelligence (AI), the Internet of Things (IoT), and Big Data – and innovations in such areas as robotics and drone technology are transforming many fields, including disaster risk reduction and management.

Global Report on Water and Disasters. High-level Experts and Leaders Panel on Water and Disasters (HELP), July 2019. Water-related disasters in 2018 resulted in death toll of 6,500, over 57 million people affected, and economic loss of 140 billion US Dollars worldwide

Continuous safe water monitoring using 3G telemetry in IDP camp water supply systems: Iraq trial. 41st WEDC International Conference Kenya, 2018. The Chloroclam, a small high-resolution chlorine analyser that transmits continuous real-time data through a 2G/3G mobile network, was trialled over a 7-month period in an IDP camp in Northern Iraq to determine its functionality and ease of use in a crisis context. The results validated the data produced by the Chloroclam, with datasets highlighting significant seasonal and diurnal variances in chlorine concentrations.

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