Emergency WASH biweekly update, July 16, 2019

Dear Colleagues:

Please see the note below from Tom Corellis and be sure to check out the website he refers to. We have been asked to compile biweekly updates on specific Emergency WASH topics and issues so starting with this update, the first biweekly update each month will be a webliography of the most recent Emergency WASH studies, reports, resources, etc. The second monthly biweekly update will focus on a specific Emergency WASH topic. We have listed some possible topics below and welcome your suggestions.

Member Update

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Tom Corellis, tom@sheltercentre.org – Colleagues, Shelter Centre, which I direct, is a long-standing global partner of the WASH Cluster and developed with OFDA support www.humanitarianlibrary.org. To our knowledge, this contains one of the largest collections on WASH. It is crowd-sourced and community moderated, meaning your members can share knowledge onto it and collate that knowledge into collections useful to their work. We have WASH interns working around the world adding to their Collections.

Recent Journal Articles

The link between mental health and safe drinking water behaviors in a vulnerable population in rural Malawi. BMC Psychology, July 8. This research is especially relevant in emergency contexts, as it indicates that mental health measures before any WASH interventions will make them more effective.

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Cholera prevention and control in refugee settings: Successes and continued challenges. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2019 Jun. Cholera continues to be a significant problem in humanitarian settings, with recent outbreaks in displaced populations in South Sudan, Yemen, Cameroon, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, Haiti, and Iraq. The success of cholera prevention and control in refugee camps over the past 2 decades highlights the possibility of managing this deadly disease, even in complicated humanitarian crises.

Residual Maintenance Using Sodium Hypochlorite, Sodium Dichloroisocyanurate, and Chlorine Dioxide in Laboratory Waters of Varying Turbidity. Special Issue – Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene in Humanitarian Contexts, June 2019. Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and sodium dichloroisocyanurate (NaDCC) are commonly used for household water treatment (HWT); chlorine dioxide (ClO2) is a potential new HWT option.

Recent Reports

Ready for the Dry Years: Building resilience to drought in South-East Asia. UN ESCAP, June 2019. The study identifies actions that states can individually and collectively undertake to mitigate the impacts of drought and proposes three priority areas of intervention.

Climate change adaptation and resilience and water, sanitation and hygiene: links between SDG 13 and SDG 6. WaterAid, July 2019. Climate change is water change. Climate change is often discussed in terms of carbon emissions, but people feel the impacts largely through water.

Policy Brief on Climate Change and Water launched during High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development. UN Water, July 12. In the side-event titled Deep dive: Climate change and water, UN-Water launched an update of its Policy Brief on Climate Change and Water.

Impacts of increasing community resilience through humanitarian aid in Pakistan. International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie), June 2019. This impact evaluation sheds light on whether and how vulnerabilities to negative shocks can be reduced.

Epidemiological data analysis for the early warning alert and response network (EWARN) in humanitarian emergencies: a quick reference handbook. WHO, 2019. This handbook is intended for country-level epidemiologists and surveillance officers who work in data analysis and the production of epidemiological reports for dissemination to stakeholders to inform the need for public health interventions, or the effect of ongoing interventions.

Recent Blogs/News

Three things we’ve learned about measuring quality in humanitarian WASH responses. Oxfam Blog, July 10, 2019. Back in January, we introduced the Quality Assurance and Accountability Project (QAAP) – a Global WASH Cluster initiative led by Oxfam, in partnership with Solidarités International, Tufts University, and UNICEF. The project supports humanitarian WASH coordinators to go beyond simple headline indicators to understand – and ultimately improve – the quality of our work.

Bill Frist: Lessons not learned in Congo’s Ebola outbreak. Fox News, July 6. Getting WASH into health care facilities is a solvable problem. When I served as U.S. Senate majority leader, I drafted legislation to formalize U.S. policy addressing the overall lack of safe water and sanitation in developing nations.

24TH Global Wash Cluster Meeting: Successful step to save the right of access to water and sanitation. ReliefWeb, June 2019. 180 representatives from all humanitarian water and sanitation sectors had agreed, during the first two days of the symposium, to identify five priority recommendations to be presented to the Emergency Directors on Thursday, June 20, 2019.

New Resources

Global WASH Cluster YouTube Channel – The channel appears to be new and has 3 videos so far as well as several useful playlists.

Emergency WASH Biweekly Updates, August – December 2019, draft editorial calendar

 The first biweekly update each month will be a webliography of the most recent Emergency WASH studies, reports, resources, etc. The second monthly biweekly update will focus on a specific Emergency WASH topic. Below are some topic ideas and we welcome your suggestions:

Brainstorming topics

  • Cholera prevention and control
  • Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Household water treatment in humanitarian situations
  • Fecal sludge management in humanitarian situations
  • WASH innovations in humanitarian situations
  • WASH and nomadic populations in humanitarian situations
  • Others?

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