Guide to menstrual hygiene materials. UNICEF, May 2019. The guide is meant to familiarize UNICEF staff members with the key characteristics and requirements for the most common menstrual hygiene materials: menstrual cloths, reusable pads, disposable pads, menstrual cups and tampons. For each menstrual material, the environmental, health, and financial aspects are highlighted in individual tables – along with considerations of availability, user experience, and standards and regulations. Technical specifications are provided for each material. The guide concludes with a summary table of these key attributes.
Guidance on Menstrual Health and Hygiene. UNICEF, March 2019. This guidance was developed for UNICEF WASH, Education, Health, and Gender specialists or focal points in country offices who are working with their partners to develop programs related to menstrual health and hygiene (MHH).
Composting and Dry Desiccating Toilets (Latrines). Global Water Pathogen Project, June 2019. Scientists involved with the Global Water Pathogen Project (GWPP) have compiled the most up to date information on Composting and Dry Desiccating Toilets (Latrines) for the purpose of providing a key reference point in the development of quantitative guidance for sanitation practices worldwide.
Mainstreaming Energy Efficiency Investments in Urban Water and Wastewater Utilities. World Bank, June 2019. This guidance note presents an overview of the benefits of improving energy efficiency in urban water and wastewater utilities.
The WASH Benefits and SHINE Trials. Interpretation of Findings on Linear Growth and Diarrhoea and Implications for Policy: Perspective of the Investigative Teams (P10-136-19). Current Developments in Nutrition, June 2019. We recently completed 3 efficacy trials (Bangladesh, Kenya, Zimbabwe) testing the independent and combined effects of improved complementary feeding (CF) and intensive household water quality, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) on child diarrhea and length-for-age-Z-score (LAZ) at 18 to 24 mo. Intervention uptake was high. In all three trials: CF increased LAZ but WASH had no effect on LAZ. WASH reduced diarrhea in Bangladesh but not in Kenya or Zimbabwe. We present a synthesis of trial findings and their implications.
Design of a parallel cluster-randomized trial assessing the impact of a demand-side sanitation and hygiene intervention on sustained behavior change and mental well-being in rural and peri-urban Amhara, Ethiopia: Andilaye study protocol. BMC Public Health, June 21, 2019. The purpose of this protocol is to detail the rationale and design of a cluster-randomized trial evaluating the impact of a demand-side sanitation and hygiene intervention on sustained behavior change and mental well-being in rural and peri-urban Amhara, Ethiopia.
Solutions for Resilience and Peace Building Across the World. Engineering for Change, May 30, 2019. About 90 percent of USAID’s water priority countries are conflict-affected or fragile. In 2018, over 60 million people around the world were affected by more than 280 natural disasters. Effective water resource management is complex even in times of peace and prosperity. In a time of crisis, whether war or natural disaster or drought, it means the difference between building resilience or compounding tragedy.
Have you heard of impact bonds? Sustainable Cities, June 2019. Impact bonds are a form of public-private partnership that rewards investors for successfully delivering impact. Investors are rewarded if providers meet agreed-upon outcomes but lose their investment if the providers underachieve or fail.