Emergency WASH update – recent webinars and research

If you and your organization would be interested in collaborating with the USAID CKM project on organizing an Emergency WASH-related webinar or Water Currents enewsletter, please let us know. emergencies

These links give examples of CKM webinars and the enewsletter issues. Also, please share any recent studies, reports or upcoming events by your organization that can be featured in the Emergency WASH updates.

WEBINARS

Water as a Tool for Resilience in Times of Crisis. In this webinar, the Environmental Change and Security Program, USAID’s Sustainable Water Partnership, and Winrock International hold a discussion on where the challenges lie and what practitioners and policymakers can do to bolster effective water management for the world’s most vulnerable communities.

REPORTS

Rapid Review of Disability and Older Age Inclusion in Humanitarian WASH Interventions. Elrha, May 2019. The information presented in this review intended to provide an overview of the level of disability and older age inclusion in WASH interventions in humanitarian action. The review highlighted important gaps in available literature on inclusive WASH interventions in humanitarian contexts.

Rethinking Faecal Sludge Management in Emergency Settings: Decision Support Tools and Smart Technology Applications for Emergency Sanitation. CRC Press / Balkema – Taylor & Francis Group, June 2019. This study focused on the development of a smart emergency toilet termed the eSOS (emergency sanitation operation system) smart toilet to address the limitation in technical options. This toilet is based on the eSOS concept that takes into account the entire sanitation chain, which is the required processing of human excreta from toilet until safe disposal (downstream process).

JOURNAL ARTICLES

Barriers and Facilitators to Chlorine Tablet Distribution and Use in Emergencies: A Qualitative Assessment. Water, May 29, 2019. We found: (1) chlorine tablets are regarded as one of the most effective water treatment methods and are often considered appropriate in emergency response, (2) dosing confusion and taste and odor rejection are perceived as the main problems limiting effectiveness, and (3) the primary solutions suggested for these problems were social and behavioral.

The Impact of Various Promotional Activities on Ebola Prevention Behaviors and Psychosocial Factors Predicting Ebola Prevention Behaviors in the Gambia Evaluation of Ebola Prevention Promotions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, June 2019. Three promotional activities were significantly associated with psychosocial factors of handwashing and, thus, with increased handwashing behavior: the home visit, posters, and info sheets. Health behavior change programs should rely on evidence to target the right psychosocial factors and to maximize their effects on prevention behaviors, especially in emergency contexts.

Evaluation of an Emergency Bulk Chlorination Project Targeting Drinking Water Vendors in Cholera-Affected Wards of Dar es Salaam and Morogoro, Tanzania. The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, June 2019. The results from this evaluation indicate that bulk chlorination targeting medium- to large-volume water suppliers such as water vendors could be a feasible mechanism to address chlorination gaps at the community level during emergencies and disease outbreaks.

Drinking water quality and human dimensions of cholera patients to inform evidence-based prevention investment in Karonga District, Malawi. Water Supply, June 2019. The cost of a reactive response to cholera outbreaks puts a burden on Malawi, providing an opportunity for investment in innovative and localized preventive strategies to control and eliminate the risk of cholera while acknowledging social and cultural norms.

OTHER STUDIES/RESOURCES

WASH in Urban Emergencies (Online Course), summer 2019 by RedR UK – The WASH in Urban Emergencies course will equip experienced WASH humanitarians with the necessary skills and knowledge to effectively work in the early stages of an urban emergency, and to identify the unique challenges of working in urban environments.

Climate Fragility Risks (CFR) In Development Sectors: Six Principles for Managing Synergies and Trade-Offs. United Nations University, May 2019. This document proposes six principles to manage CFRs in key development sectors, namely (1) implement interdisciplinary approach, (2) focus on vulnerable groups, (3) promote preventive and adaptive measures, (4) enhance inclusive and participatory governance, (5) allocate and manage finances for CFR effectively and efficiently, and (6) build resilient and green infrastructure.

Reducing Protracted Internal Displacement: A Snapshot of Successful Humanitarian-Development Initiatives. OCHA, June 2019.  While each situation is unique and requires tailored solutions, this paper offers valuable insights on how to best combine short- and long-term initiatives of international organizations, local partners and governments, while taking into account the needs of IDPs and host communities as well as market forces.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s