OFDA Meet Our Experts – Trevor White. OFDA, May 7, 2019. Trevor White is a Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Advisor at USAID/OFDA. As part of the USAID/OFDA WASH team, Trevor provides support at the country level during natural disasters and conflicts, but also at a global level to support efforts to improve the quality of future WASH responses.
Cash transfers can help Yemen’s conflict-affected children. IFPRI Blog, May 6, 2019. As a result, the transfers helped preserve children’s dietary diversity in critical early developmental stages 6-23 months. The program also led to improved breastfeeding and water treatment practices, which further enhanced the nutritional environment.
Efficacy of the SuperTowel: An Alternative Hand-washing Product for Humanitarian Emergencies. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, May 2019. Given that the ST is more lightweight than soap and longer lasting, we envisage that the ST would also be beneficial to humanitarian actors working in areas where logistical and security issues make regular hygiene product distribution challenging. We recommend that further testing should be carried out to assess the efficacy of the ST under conditions that more closely mirror real-world hand-washing practices.
Urban WASH programming in Protracted Conflict Contexts: Aleppo’s Experience, Syria. UNICEF, March 2019. The focus of this Field Note is Syria’s urban WASH programme, documenting the experience in implementing WASH in a city which has endured years of protracted conflict, and is designed as a learning note for the organization as it strengthens its role in urban areas.
Private Sector & Refugees—Pathways to Scale. IFC, 2019. Multinational corporations like Mastercard, regional and national businesses such as Equity Bank and PowerGen, social enterprises like NaTakallam and Sanivation, and a range of others across industries, are demonstrating the potential roles of the private sector in supporting refugees and host communities.
Global Report on Internal Displacement 2019. GRID, 2019. This year’s GRID focuses on urban internal displacement and presents new evidence on the humanitarian and development challenges presented by displacement to, between and within towns and cities.
User-Centred Design and Humanitarian Adaptiveness: A Case Study. ODI/ALNAP, 2019. To conserve water, Hygiene Promoters also came up with an idea for a ‘smart’ sink made out of a large plastic bottle to which all households in the settlements have access. The design of the sink allows users to collect soap water left over from handwashing and use it to clean and flush the latrines after use.
SHORING UP STABLITY: Addressing Climate & Fragility Risks in the Lake Chad Region. SUS, 2019. Lake Chad is caught in a conflict trap. Violence between armed opposition groups – including the so-called ‘Islamic State West Africa Province’ and ‘Boko Haram’ – and state security forces has left 10.7 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. Climate change is compounding these challenges. This report identifies key risks and proposes pragmatic solutions to shore up stability in the region.
We’re Listening: An evaluation of user-centred community engagement in emergency sanitation. OXFAM, 2019. The staff of all four teams liked and valued the user-centred approaches, and all plan to use them in future projects. It seems that with a focused commitment to engaging users, several common organizational barriers could be surmounted.
Water Supply in a War Zone: A Preliminary Analysis of Two Urban Water Tanker Supply Systems in the Republic of Yemen. World Bank, 2018. The study described in this discussion paper accordingly presents one of the only detailed, survey-based assessments of water supply and sanitation in an active war zone.