Launch of the World Water Development Report 2019

World Water Development Report 2019. UN Water, March 19, 2019.

The United Nations World Water Development Report, Leaving no one behind, launched 19 March 2019 during the 40th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), and in conjunction to the World Water Day, demonstrates how improvements in water resources management and access to water supply and sanitation services are essential to addressing various social and economic inequities, such that ‘no one is left behind’ when it comes to enjoying the multiple benefits and opportunities that water provides. WWD2019_News_UN-Waterwebsite_vs1_4Jan2019

Executive summary 1

Introduction 11
Section 1 – The state of the world’s water resources 13
Section 2 – Water supply, sanitation and hygiene 18
Section 3 – Socio-economic development indicators

Chapter 1 – The human rights to water and sanitation and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development 34

1.1 Introduction 35
1.2 The human rights to water and sanitation 36
1.3 Groups and individuals ‘left behind’ in terms of access to water and sanitation 38
1.4 Human rights-based approach to integrated water resources management (IWRM) 41
1.5 Links between the human rights to water and sanitation and other human rights

Chapter 2 – Physical and environmental dimensions 44

2.1 Water-provisioning systems 45
2.2 Sanitation 53
2.3 Disaster risk reduction 56
2.4 Conclusions 57

Chapter 3 Social dimensions 58

3.1 Introduction 59
3.2 Impediments to implementing the rights to water and sanitation 60
3.3 Inequalities related to finance, infrastructure and beyond 65
3.4 Supporting the implementation of the human rights to water and sanitation

Chapter 4 – Political, legal and institutional dimensions 72

4.1 Introduction 73
4.2 Policy, politics and processes 74
4.3 Walking the talk: Implementing plans and policies 78

Chapter 5 – Economic dimensions of WASH services 84

5.1 Introduction 85
5.2 Providing WASH to vulnerable and disadvantaged groups: A cost–benefit analysis 86
5.3 Affordability 87
5.4 Increasing efficiency and reducing unit costs 89
5.5 Designing subsidies and tariffs 90
5.6 Funding and financing: Mobilizing commercial sources of investment 92
5.7 Conclusions 95

Chapter 6 – Cities, urbanization and informal settlements 96

6.1 Defining who are left behind in urban settings 97
6.2 Challenges of monitoring inequalities in service 98
6.3 Mapping and data collection in informal settlements 99
6.4 Integrated urban planning and community engagement 100
6.5 Costs of service provision in high-density low-income urban settlements 101
6.6 Attracting sustainable investment at the local level 102
6.7 Financing WASH in urban settings 103
6.8 Centralized vs. decentralized urban water supply and sanitation systems 103
6.9 Conclusions and policy recommendations

Chapter 7 – Rural poverty 106

7.1 Introduction: Three paradoxes to better understand rural poverty and water 107
7.2 Emerging challenges 109
7.3 Promoting pro-poor multisectoral policies

Chapter 8 – Refugees and forced displacement crises 115

8.1 Refugees and forced displacement: A global challenge 117
8.2 Marginalization of the displaced: Main drivers 119
8.3 Providing displaced people with access to water and sanitation 121
8.4 Fragile states and states in fragile situations

Chapter 9 – Regional perspectives 128

9.1 The Arab region 129
9.2 Asia and the Pacific 132
9.3 Europe and North America 135
9.4 Latin American and the Caribbean 138
9.5 Sub-Saharan Africa 142

Chapter 10 – Strategies and response options for inclusive development 146

10.1 Introduction 147
10.2 Enhancing water supply and improving accessibility 147
10.3 Addressing the investment gap 148
10.4 Knowledge and capacity development 150
10.5 Governance 151
10.6 Roles and responsibilities in realizing the human rights to water and sanitation 153

Chapter 11 – The way forward 156

 

 

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