Mobilizing Additional Funds for Pro-Poor Water Services: An Exploration of Potential Models to Finance Safe Water Access in Support of Sustainable Development Goal 6.1. Urban Institute; Johns Hopkins University, the School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), 2018.
This report seeks to draw from the experiences of other sectors to answer the following question:
Where, outside of tariffs, can governments in developing countries and their development partners raise additional resources to sustainably finance safely managed water services in line with SDG ambitions?
After an extensive literature review and stakeholder interviews, we narrowed our focus to look at three models that seemed most promising for a sustainable subsidy approach:
- global philanthropy-led partnerships and funds
- solidarity levies (surtaxes)
- land value capture strategies
These three models have the potential to raise significant international and domestic resources, to fundamentally alter how donors and the private sector collaborate, and to yield reliable, automatic contributions without yearly renewals, allowing a longer planning and implementation horizon.