An Emergency WASH Google Group Update – July 18, 2018

There are currently 164 members in the Emergency WASH Google Group and below is a brief intro from George Yap. We have added a new Emergency WASH In the News feature so please let us know if you find this useful and if you have other suggestions for the biweekly updates.

OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL ARTICLES

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Association between Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Exposures and Cholera in Case–Control Studies. Am Jnl Trop Med Hyg, July 2018.
Although the magnitude of associations was similar among risk factors and among protective factors, improved hygiene demonstrated the greatest reduction in the odds of cholera (OR = 0.34 for observed good hygiene), whereas open defecation most increased the odds of cholera (OR = 5.6). Among the predicted protective factors, neither improved water source nor improved sanitation was associated with cholera.

Risk factors and risk factor cascades for communicable disease outbreaks in complex humanitarian emergencies: a qualitative systematic review. BMJ Global Health, July 2018.
Key risk factors include crowded conditions, forced displacement, poor quality shelter, poor water, sanitation and hygiene, lack of healthcare facilities and lack of adequate surveillance.

Improving environmental conditions for involuntarily displaced populations: water, sanitation, and hygiene in orphanages, prisons, and refugee and IDP settlements. Jnl WASH for Dev, July 2018. There may also be opportunities forWaSH-related income-generating activities or waste reuse programs, which could make a substantial impact in refugee and IDP settlements. Hygiene promotion programs introduced in refugee or IDP settlements may result in lifestyle changes that persist beyond beneficiaries’ displaced status.

REPORTS

Water and sanitation, migration and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. ODI, July 2018. Migration isn’t driven by a lack of water and sanitation services, but providing services can support successful migration. Challenges stem from failures in governance, not the amount of water available, numbers of migrants or rates of migration. The poor visibility of migrants in data limits understanding of their needs and reduces the accountability of governments and service providers.

Afghanistan Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Dry Spell Assessment. REACH, June 2018.
The assessment focused on the 10 provinces prioritized by the WASH Cluster, where more than 25% of water sources have already dried or are drying as a result of the 2018 winter dry spell.

Mum’s Magic Hands: A field guide for rapid implementation of handwashing promotion in emergencies. Oxfam, June 2018.
This set of resources – ‘Mum’s Magic Hands’ – were developed from the research for handwashing promotion in first phase emergencies. Tested in Nepal, Jordan, Uganda, Nigeria and Tanzania, the Field Guide contains background information and tools for assessment, implementation and monitoring.

A Clean and Decent Life Without WASH? The impacts and risks of reduced WASH funding for Syrian refugees in Bekaa, Lebanon. Oxfam, 2018.
This report is an analysis of impacts and risks of reduced and limited WASH funding on Syrian refugees in informal tented settlements in Bekaa, Lebanon.

Global humanitarian assistance report 2018. Development Initiatives, 2018.
An estimated 201 million people in 134 countries needed international humanitarian assistance in 2017, a fifth of whom were in just three countries – Syria, Yemen and Turkey.

IN THE NEWS

Australian venture taps ‘migrapreneurs’ for cleantech solutions. Eco-Business, July 18, 2018. Migrants and refugees often face bleak job prospects in Australia. Sydney-based accelerator programme Catalaysr wants to coach migrant-run startups to create employment and deliver solutions the world needs.

Women-Only Washrooms Restore Dignity to Refugees in Greece. Global Citizen, July 2018. A new initiative called Showers for Sisters is providing a respite for the women of Moria.

Outcomes of Asia Conference on Water-Related Disasters. GWP, July 2018.
GWP co-organised a session on the topic of water and disaster risk reduction in Asia during the recent Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) in Mongolia.

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