Below are excerpts from the latest newsletter from IDS Community-Led Total Sanitation:
If you missed our recent webinar, ‘The Other Side of Gender – Sanitation, Men and Boys’, on how men and boys can be more meaningfully engaged in sanitation and hygiene processes to achieve sustainable behaviour change and a new social norms, you can watch it here. The PowerPoint presentation can also be downloaded here.
You can also watch this interesting short interview where Daniel Kitasian Sironka (County Public Health Officer, Narok County Government) talks about his experiences in engaging pastoralist men and boys in community sanitation in Kenya.
Child safety in sanitation
Two resources caught our attention this month highlighting the need to ensure child safety is central to sanitation design, maintenance and CLTS triggering strategies:
The first is a BBC news article which tells the tragic story of a five-year-old boy, Michael Komape, drowning in a poorly built and maintained school pit latrine in northern South Africa in 2014. It highlights a serious national problem: less than a fifth of schools have access to a latrine and where they do many have been found to be unsafe, which has resulted in another similar tragic death of a young girl this year. The article looks at why things have got so bad in South Africa, justice for Michael and his family, and what is being done to avoid this from happening again.
The other is a two-page learning brief that summarises the findings and recommendations from the report, ‘Evaluation of CLTS triggering with children in rural Cambodia and its potential impacts.’ In CLTS, children are often encouraged to be change agents to help influence their family and community to improve sanitation and hygiene behaviours. However, this brief shows that some strategies can pose a risk to child safety.
Is Community-Led Total Sanitation connected to the rebuilding of latrines? Quantitative evidence from Mozambique
To reduce open defecation, many implementers use the intervention strategies of Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), which focuses on initial latrine construction rather than ongoing latrine maintenance, repair and rebuilding. However using data from a cross-sectional survey, this article shows how physical, personal, social context and psychosocial factors from the RANAS model (risks, attitudes, norms, abilities, and self-regulation) are associated with participation in CLTS interventions, and how these factors connect to ongoing latrine maintenance and rebuilding.
The authors suggest that the long-term goals of both latrine construction and latrine maintenance could be better achieved by including the behaviour change issues and techniques identified in this study. For example, in 2015, heavy rains hit the north of Mozambique and many latrines collapsed. Subsequently, 640 household interviews were conducted in the affected region. Logistic regression and mediation analyses revealed that latrine rebuilding depended on education, soil conditions, social cohesion, and a feeling of being safe from diarrhoea, the perception that many other community members own a latrine, and high confidence in personal ability to repair or rebuild a broken latrine.