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Water Conflict. Water Currents, February 6, 2018. This issue contains open access articles and reports from 2017, as well as several news articles on water, conflict, and peacebuilding published so far in 2018. Also included are selected USAID resources on water-related conflict.
2018 annual review of the Blueprint list of priority diseases. WHO, February 2018. For the purposes of the R&D Blueprint, WHO has developed a special tool for determining which diseases and pathogens to prioritize for research and development in public health emergency contexts. This tool seeks to identify those diseases that pose a public health risk because of their epidemic potential and for which there are no, or insufficient, countermeasures.
Medical and health risks associated with communicable diseases of Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh 2017. Intl Jnl Infectious Diseases, March 2018. Using the Rohingya people in Bangladesh as a case context, this perspective article synthesizes evidence in the published literature regarding the possible key health risks associated with the five main health and survival supporting domains, namely water and sanitation, food and nutrition, shelter and non-food items, access to health services, and information, for the displaced living in camp settlements in Asia.
Strong thirsts in fragile countries: walking the water scarce path of refugees. World Bank Water Blog, February 8, 2018. This blog post discusses a new initiative, Water Scarce Cities Initiative.
Physical Agents for Disinfection. GWPP Newsletter, February 2018. This chapter describes the most common methods of physical disinfection, their basis of action, the factors that impact their effective application, their effectiveness against pathogens, and basic design considerations.
Biogas Micro-Production from Human Organic Waste—A Research Proposal. Sustainability, January 2018. Organic waste (OW) management tackles the problem of sanitation and hygiene in developing countries and humanitarian camps where unmanaged waste often causes severe health problems and premature death. OW still has a usable energy content, allowing biogas production, potentially contributing to satisfy the local needs, e.g., cooking, lighting and heating.
Sodium hypochlorite dosage for household and emergency water treatment: updated recommendations. Journal Water & Health, February 2018. We recommend water from improved/low turbidity sources be dosed at 1.88 mg/L and used within 24 hours, and from unimproved/higher turbidity sources be dosed at 3.75 mg/L and consumed within 8 hours. Further research on field effectiveness of chlorination is recommended.
Communicating Risk in Public Health Emergencies: A WHO Guideline for Emergency Risk Communication (ERC) policy and practice. WHO, January 2018. The recommendations in these guidelines provide overarching, evidence-based guidance on how risk communication should be practised in an emergency. The recommendations also guide countries on building capacity for communicating risk during health emergencies.
Applied Research on Common Under Researched WASH Interventions Information for Potential Partners on Water Trucking. Tufts University, January 2018. Water trucking is one of a suite of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions implemented in emergencies, and is intended to rapidly provide water supply to affected populations. As described below, water trucking is considered a ‘common under researched WASH intervention’. Tufts University is currently seeking project partners implementing water trucking who would be interested in having existing water trucking programs evaluated.
Geospatial Images Improve Humanitarian Aid Efforts. POB, February 7, 2018. MSF is teaming up with experts at the University of Salzburg’s Department of Geoinformatics (Z_GIS) to apply geospatial technologies for social, economic and environmental purposes. Z_GIS is conducting pioneering research in the use of remote sensing such as satellite imagery with advanced image processing techniques to monitor populations. One of its key objectives is developing automated approaches to extracting population information from satellite images.