Recent WASH studies, December 4, 2017

Comparison of respondent-reported and sensor-recorded latrine utilization measures in rural Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Nov 10.

Respondent-reported latrine utilization data should be interpreted with caution, as evidence suggests use is exaggerated. Coupling reported utilization data with objective measures of use may aid in the estimation of latrine use.

FAQ: Using Nudges to Encourage Handwashing with Soap. GHP, Nov 6.

Although the evidence base for nudges is still emerging and nudges for handwashing have been tested primarily in single contexts or on a limited scale, this brief answers some frequently asked questions about nudges and provides examples of how they have been used in efforts to increase handwashing.

Delivering gender positive WASH in the SDG era. IRC, Nov 2017. In this WASH Talk episode host Andy Narracott talks to Gabrielle Halcrow of SNV Asia about delivering gender positive water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes in the SDG era. Gabrielle is SNV’s programme coordinator for the Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All (rural) Programme in Asia.

Contributing to the debate on categorising shared sanitation facilities as ‘unimproved’: An account based on field researchers’ observations and householders’ opinions in three regions, Tanzania. PLoS One, Nov 6.

Having an ‘improved’ latrine remains important as JMP recommends, but based on our study findings, we argue that possessing a non-shared latrine neither guarantees safety to its users nor its categorisation as ‘improved’. Instead, the state of the latrine, the construction technology used and the behaviours of the users may be more important.

A systematic review of zoonotic enteric parasitic diseases among nomadic and pastoral people. PLoS One, Nov 30.

The most common parasite studied was Echinococcosis spp. and contact with dogs was recognized as a leading risk factor for zoonotic enteric parasites followed by contact with livestock and/or wildlife, water, sanitation, and hygiene barriers, home slaughter of animals, environmental water exposures, household member age and sex, and consumption of unwashed produce or raw, unprocessed, or undercooked milk or meat.

Pneumonia & Diarrhea Progress Report. IVAC, Nov 2017.

The report evaluates the annual progress made in prevention and control of pneumonia and diarrhea by scoring the top 15 highest burden countries

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