San-Dem: Formative Research in Zambia: Briefing Note. SHARE, November 2017.
Conclusions: Shared sanitation in Bauleni compound and possibly other similar settings present challenges for coordinating, cleaning and ensuring proper use of toilets by plot members.
Improvements are dependent on landlords whose primary motives for making these improvements are financial, social, and familial.
Properly designed demand-side interventions may be able to increase peri-urban sanitation quality in a cost-effective way.
Recommendations for the intervention
- Target landlords as the primary target audience because they are responsible and financially capable of making toilet improvements.
- Aim towards strengthening social cohesion on plots, as toilets are maintained as a shared resource
- Primarily use the status and nurture motives, which scored highest, while also emphasizing justice and disgust to promote social cohesion and cleanliness
- Encourage the use of different financial investment schemes by landlords to encourage savings for deliberate, planned toilet improvements