WASH related fact sheets from WHO in March 2017
- Taeniasis/cysticercosis – Human tapeworm carriers excrete tapeworm eggs in their faeces and contaminate the environment when they defecate in open areas. Humans can also become infected with T. solium eggs by ingesting contaminated food or water or as a result of poor hygiene. T. solium is the cause of 30% of epilepsy cases in many endemic areas where people and roaming pigs live in close proximity.
- Lymphatic filariasis – Lymphatic filariasis is transmitted by different types of mosquitoes for example by the Culex mosquito, widespread across urban and semi-urban areas, Anopheles, mainly found in rural areas, and Aedes, mainly in endemic islands in the Pacific.
- Echinococcosis – Human echinococcosis is a parasitic disease caused by tapeworms of the genus Echinococcus. Humans are infected through ingestion of parasite eggs in contaminated food, water or soil, or through direct contact with animal hosts.
- Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis) – Chagas disease, also known as American trypanosomiasis, is a potentially life-threatening illness caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi).