7th Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN) Forum. This year’s forum took place in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, November 29–December 2, 2016. Considered the foremost global event on rural water services and held once every five years, the forum explored the practicalities of reaching the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Human Right to Water in rural areas and small towns. Here is a link to all forum papers and presentations.
Selected papers from the forum include:
Multiple Use of Water Services (MUS): Water for the Home and for Farming.Lakhdar Boukerrou, Regional Director, USAID WA-WASH. Access to water remains a big challenge for rural populations in Burkina Faso, and to address this challenge the USAID WA-WASH Program focused its efforts on low-cost water technologies in 21 villages. These water technologies included rope and bicycle pumps that are human-operated.
Measuring the Impact of Multiple-Use Water Services in Tanzania and Burkina Faso: Water Service Quality, Nutrition, and Health. Sara Marks, et al. [U1] MUS is an integrated service-delivery approach that takes into account a household’s full range of water needs. Households receiving MUS have experienced fewer injuries, enhanced food security, and use more reliable and safe water sources. These results contribute to a growing global evidence base regarding the variety of benefits associated with higher levels of water services in rural communities.
Financing WaterCredit to Enhance Access to Water and Sanitation for Attainment of SDGs. Sanjay Gupta, et al. WaterCredit is an innovative credit-driven model being promoted by Water.Org that enables financial institutions to offer loans to their clients for water- and sanitation-related products and services. An independent evaluation of the WaterCredit program has yielded findings that are worth considering to finance WASH services for people at the base of the pyramid to reach the SDGs.
Introducing ICTs for WASH Monitoring in Ethiopia. Tamene Hailu Debela, et al. This paper reviews national WASH sector monitoring in Ethiopia and recent experiences seeking to improve the related monitoring capacities, processes, and systems with a focus on the introduction of new information and communications technology (ICT).
Assessment of Sustainability of Rural Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Interventions in Rwanda. Murtaza Malik, et al. This paper describes the findings of the assessment of sustainability of rural WASH interventions in Rwanda. The experiences of this project demonstrate that regular sustainability assessments, though requiring significant financial resources and efforts, contribute to a considerable improvement in the sustainability of WASH interventions.
Access Is Not Enough: Ensuring Water Stays Safe in the Home with Dispensers for Safe Water. Andy Narracott. Dispensers for Safe Water operates a network of 27,000 chlorine dispensers, serving 4.7 million people in three countries, in partnership with local and national governments, at under $1 per person/year at scale. Because of economies of scale in distribution costs and the high levels of usage observed over time, Dispensers for Safe Water have the potential to be a cost-effective means of sustaining high usage of chlorination in the home and ultimately preventing diarrhea.
Rights to Water and Sanitation for People with Disabilities in Madagascar. WaterAid Madagascar. This paper illustrates the experiences of the Platform for People with Disabilities, working with the support of WaterAid, to increase access to safe WASH for people with disabilities through a human rights-based approach.
Low-Cost Household Groundwater Supply Systems: Pitcher Pump Systems and EMAS Technologies. Michael F. MacCarthy, et al. This research assesses low-cost household groundwater supply technologies in sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America: a self-supply market for Pitcher Pump systems in eastern Madagascar, EMAS (Escuela Móvil Agua y Saneamiento) low-cost water supply technologies in Bolivia, and a technical comparison of the EMAS pump and a family version of the rope pump in Uganda.
Sand Dams: Transforming Lives in Drylands. Excellent Development, November 2016. This video shows how sand dams are a cost-effective method of catching and storing rainwater in drylands. Excellent Development, a not for profit organization that supports rural, dryland communities, presented the video at the RWSN conference.