Norms, Knowledge and Usage

Norms, Knowledge and Usage. Frontiers of CLTS: Innovations and Insights, Issue 7, Brighton: IDS.

Authors: Chambers, R. and Myers, J.

In this issue of Frontiers of CLTS we focus on the growing problem of partial usage, drawing on academic and grey literature. Partial usage is emerging in communities some years after achieving ODF conditions. We ask how widespread and serious this is, why it occurs, what can be done about it, and what more needs to be known? clts1

We draw on evidence from Africa and Asia, with the bulk of it from India where there has been more relevant research, according to which partial use is rampant. We believe that there are important implications for India and the Swachh Bharat Mission, as well as those around the world confronting this problem.

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