USAID – Freshwater Conservation and Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Integration Guidelines

Freshwater Conservation and Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Integration Guidelines: A Framework for Implementation in sub-Saharan Africa, 2013.

Janet Edmond, et al.  Africa Biodiversity  Collaborative Group, Conservation International, and The Nature Conservancy.

The purpose of this document is to provide guidance to health, development, and conservation professionals in sub-Saharan Africa on how to plan, coordinate, develop, and achieve mutually supported WASH and freshwater conservation outcomes. It was designed to provide an overall framework to consider when working across sectors.

A set of core guiding principles are included as critical elements to considerbefore developing and implementing integrated projects:

  • WASH projects should protect or enhance ecosystem health and water-related ecosystem services, such as sustainable water quantity and quality
  • Conservation projects should incorporate/consider WASH goals that provide social/environmental benefits in conjunction with conservation goals.
  • WASH and conservation programs should promote resilience to future changes in water use, availability, and climate patterns through adaptive management of both natural and built infrastructure.


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