4th International Dry Toilet Conference, Tampere, Finland, 22-25 August 2012

Conference logoTheme: Drivers for ecological dry toilets in urban and rural areas

Organised by: Global Dry Toilet Association of Finland , University of Tampere, Tampere University of Applied Sciences, Tampere University of Technology

Abstract deadline: 15 Jan 2012


  • Mon-Wed 20-22 Aug – Pre-conference workshop on safe and sustainable sanitation, organized by Prof. Tuula uhkanen, free-of-charge
  • Wed 22 Aug – Registration, social events
  • Wed-Thu 22-23 Aug –  Exhibition
  • Thu 23 Aug – Opening, key-notes, parallel sessions
  • Fri 24 Aug – Parallel sessions, closing, dinner
  • Sat 25 Aug – Excursion

Read the First Announcement


E-mail: secretary2012@drytoilet.org
Tel: +358 45 875 3597 (mrs erja takala)
Skype: Dry_toilet_secretary
Facebook: Global Dry toilet Association of Finland

Conference web sitewww.drytoilet.org/dt2012

5 responses to “4th International Dry Toilet Conference, Tampere, Finland, 22-25 August 2012

  1. This is very interesting theme and is very much useful in the context of Nepal, Nepal is a developing country. the current sanitation coverage is only 43 %, it means majority of the people doing open defecation. The concept of dry toilet will be very much suitable for Nepal where there is water scarcity in rural setting

  2. Hygiene and Sanitation Behavior Change Efforts in Vulnerable Communities of Western Nepal:
    Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project in Western Nepal (RWSSP-WN) has been implemented in 51 Village Development Committees (VDCs) in nine districts. A baseline survey conducted in this area revealed that the hygiene and sanitation situation in the selected VDC was very poor. This project was therefore piloted an approach “Community Led Total Behavior Change (TBC) in hygiene and sanitation” in western Nepal. Nine Districts, 51 VDCs and 553 community level structures and systems have been established for the purpose of planning, implementation, monitoring and ensuring the sustainability.
    The total population of selected VDCs is 329,186 in 55,794 households. The project facilitated the local bodies and trained 4396 triggers (49% female). The trained TBC triggerers start the triggering and negotiation for change on Small Doable Actions (SDAs) at household level to improve the hygiene and sanitation behaviors. From January 2010 to June 2011 period, 18,168 households and 80 demonstration toilets in institutions/public places constructed the toilets on their own without subsidy as per their capacity. Total 66 VDCs declared Open Defecation Free and started SDAs serving 253,794 populations. ECOSAN, organic fertilizer promotion and nutrition activities are also implemented.
    As a result , hygiene and sanitation situation within the project working area has greatly improved resulting into a reduction in morbidity and mortality of hygiene and sanitation related diseases and the eeconomic cost (USD 8000000.00 )of hygiene and sanitation-related diseases per year .
    The lesion learnt from this approach can be replicated in other districts aiming to overcome from the 43% sanitation coverage in Nepal.
    Chhabi Goudel
    Hygiene and Sanitation Specialist
    RWSSP-WN, Pokhara, Nepal

  3. This is a good opportunity for the developing cities of the world to learn and share experience.The sanitation coverage in Lagos(Nigeria) is around 40%,which is indicative of inadequate provision of toilet facilities(hardware) and lack of awareness on the citizens(software) on good sanitation practices.

  4. This workshop will contribute a lot to the sanitation and hygiene profile raising in Tanzania by applying various approaches and technologies that will be shared and taken as lessons from the workshop.

    The Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) 2010 for WHO and UNICEF estimates that only 24% of Tanzanians have access to an improved latrines with 21% coverage in rural areas and 32% in urban areas. Moreover, about 70 percent of the population of Dar es Salaam estimated at four (4) million people live in the densely populated unplanned settlements where pit latrines are the most common type of toilet. Over the last decade unplanned settlements have experienced persistent cholera outbreaks in Dar es Salaam.
    WaterAid Tanzania’s (WATz) sanitation strategy has two components. An urban component targeting especially small towns and slum areas of larger cities and a rural component for rural settlements. The WATz Country Strategic Plan (CSP) defines urban sanitation as ensuring environmental sanitation. This encompasses the traditional aspects of collection, treatment, and disposal of human waste, the management of waste water, solid waste and surface drainage systems. Sanitation is an especially pressing issue in Dar es Salaam slums and small towns, where crowded conditions and poor sanitation contribute to frequent outbreaks of disease which threaten the inhabitants of slums in addition to exposing other city residents to health risks. In broader context therefore, the purpose of WATz’s urban sanitation strategy is to reduce risks to human health by managing factors in the urban environment which can contribute to health problems. One of the most pressing factors is human waste, which is generated in large volumes in urban areas. Sewers which collect such waste and route it to central processing facilities are a traditional method of dealing with this issue. However these systems are capital intensive, extremely expensive to manage and complex to install in unplanned settlement areas. On-site or communal sanitation facilities such as “dry” pit latrines, septic tanks and cess pits are the most common systems in use. However, in dense urban settlements, this means that the equally vital collection, treatment and disposal / reuse segments of an effective faecal waste management (FWM) system are not being adequately addressed. The Gulper is a flagship urban sanitation project for domestic latrine emptying especially in unplanned settlements that has the potential to provide a vital piece of such a FWM system and therefore forms a key part of WATz’s the strategy for urban sanitation.
    WATz’s scaling up of rural sanitation has made some progress in learning how to combine the promising aspects of the Mtumba approach and Sanitation Marketing approaches to generate sanitation demand whilst also strengthening the supply of sanitation products and services. Our current projection is that, by the end of year 2016, 401,599 people will have gained access to improved sanitation facilities and we will be able to qualitatively see the impacts this has on peoples’ health and household productivity, especially among the rural poor. In the less dense rural settlements, the approaches to faecal waste management, solid waste and waste water management are significantly less complex and primarily managed (collected, treated and disposed) entirely on-site. Behaviour change and supporting the creation and supply of sanitation goods and services (sanitation marketing), for increased construction and use of improved latrines, is the main focus. Mtumba as a specific sanitation marketing tool is a flagship project. It is a large-scale effort to meet the basic sanitation needs of the rural poor who do not currently have access to safe and hygienic sanitation. The interventions are testing state of the art approaches to create demand for sanitation and to use marketing techniques to improve the supply of sanitation-related products and services. Together, Mtumba with its Sanitation Marketing aspects can help generate household and community demand for sanitation facilities but also for a set of improved sanitation behaviours that comprise total sanitation and promote the development of a self-sustaining demand and supply mechanism.

    In order to seek a “pathway to scale” for the best of what we are testing and learning through this work, WATz will be working closely with the key permanent institutions that carry sanitation as a key responsibility. We will engage them as key partners to the process provide focused capacity building and undertake targeted advocacy with national and local governments and agencies.



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