WEBINAR: Thursday Dec. 13th, 8-9 AM EST. Interested in evaluating the long-term sustainability of water, sanitation, and hygiene development interventions?

Please join USAID/India and Social Impact for a webinar from 8-9 AM EST on Dec. 13th as they present key findings from an ex-post evaluation of a USAID/India development project, implemented between 1994 and 2011, that worked in partnership with the Government of India on new approaches to plan, design, and finance urban infrastructure to improve water and sanitation access for the poor. webinar.png

Lessons from this evaluation are intended to help inform activity design improvements in India, as well as in other urban water and sanitation contexts.

For more information on the webinar and to register, click below: https://mailchi.mp/usaid/social-impact-fire-d-webinar-dec2018-324907?e=8998f1148f

Examining USAID Efforts to Strengthen India’s Urban Water and Sanitation Sector Governance and Finance

Examining USAID Efforts to Strengthen India’s Urban Water and Sanitation Sector Governance and Finance. Globalwaters.org, December 2018.

Over 17 years of mission programming, (1994–2011) USAID’s Financial Institutions Reform and Expansion–Debt and Infrastructure (FIRE-D) activity partnered with India’s central, state, and municipal governments to provide technical assistance to 16 Indian states.

The focus of this three-phased activity changed over time, but the goal remained the same: to expand sustainable water and sanitation access to the poor while improving the ability of city and state governments to mobilize resources and increase their revenues. FIRE-D-blog-india

Through implementer TCG International, FIRE-D piloted policy-related interventions to better plan, design, and finance urban infrastructure.

The most successful solutions were then expanded and incorporated into a Government of India (GoI) urban development scheme called the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM).

What We Did

This fourth in a series of independent ex-post evaluations of past USAID water and sanitation activities followed up on six states and cities seven years after FIRE-D ended to understand how urban water and sanitation services have changed and to what extent policies, practices, and financing mechanisms introduced through FIRE-D have been sustained.

Read more


Determining the effectiveness and mode of operation of Community-Led total Sanitation: The DEMO-CLTS study

Determining the effectiveness and mode of operation of Community-Led total Sanitation: The DEMO-CLTS study. EAWAG, December 2018.

The final report of a project in which CLTS was analyzed using the RANAS approach is now out.

In the project funded by BMGF two cross sectional studies in Cambodia and Mozambique (see News June 8, 2018) and one big field experiment with 3120 households in northern Ghana was conducted. The following research question were addressed in this study:

  • How do CLTS participants perceive different activities of the CLTS triggering event?
  • Which factors of the CLTS implementation process are most predictive for CLTS achievements in terms of community’s latrine coverage?
  • Does CLTS successfully provoke latrine construction and stop open defecation (compared to a control group)?
  • What are the mechanisms that lead CLTS to success? In terms of psychological determinants and potential moderating factors?
  • Can CLTS be improved by combining it with evidence-based, behavioral change strategies based on the RANAS-model of behavior change?
  • Which characteristics of communities describe a fertile ground for CLTS to be most effective in stopping open defecation?

AfricaSan Awards is now open for nominations

Are you an outstanding sanitation and hygiene professional working in Africa? The AMCOW AfricaSan Awards is looking for your nomination. Candidates can submit the nominations no later than January 9, 2019, all information available here. The AfricaSan 5 will be held in Cape Town, South Africa, on February 18-22.

The AfricaSan Award aims to raise the profile of sanitation and hygiene by drawing attention to successful approaches, promoting excellence in leadership, innovation in sanitation and hygiene improvements in Africa, and providing incentives for action to ensuring that sanitation and hygiene can be accessed by all, everywhere, and every time required.

Individuals, non-governmental organizations, ministries, state corporations, and government departments working in hygiene and sanitation can be nominated. The award focus on the following areas:

  1. Innovative Monitoring Systems Award
  2. Equity and Inclusion Award
  3. Innovative policy and Institutional Reform Award
  4. Trail Blazing Private Sector Award
  5. Research and Technical Innovation Awards
  6. Youthful Actors Award
  7. High Level political leadership Award

The nominations must be submitted to africasan5@amcow-online.org. For any questions or concerns, please reach out to africasan5@amcow-online.org with the subject line ‘AfricaSan Awards Inquiries’.

Emergency WASH in the News

Below are links to recent news items on Emergency WASH situations as well as news from USAID/OFDA efforts and resources from the World Health Organization on disease outbreaks. emergencies

Emergency WASH News Alerts

EU and UNICEF working together to prevent and control cholera in Zimbabwe …Reliefweb-Nov 30, 2018 – The contribution will fund critical watersanitation and hygiene (WASH) … soon as possible,” said Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management … the European Union helps millions of victims of conflict and disasters every year.

Many African countries are flooding, risking decades of development if …Phys.Org-Nov 30, 2018 – Health emergencies, including cholera outbreaks, can emerge due to poor … will make it harder to achieve SDG 6– ensuring access to water and sanitation for all. … Policy makers often see flooding as a humanitarian issue only – they must be …

UN expert: Orang Asli, refugees don’t have access to drinking water …  Free Malaysia Today-Nov 27, 2018 Special Rapporteur on human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation Leo Heller says the government should carry out a baseline survey to improve water …

UNICEF Indonesia Humanitarian Situation Report No. 4 (12 – 25 … ReliefWeb-3 hours ago Needs assessments identified clean watersanitation and hygiene, health and nutrition, recovery of infrastructure and public services, shelter, protection, food, …

To beat cholera, what is most needed is a reliable drinking water supply Medical Xpress-2 hours ago – To beat cholera, what is most needed is a reliable drinking water supply … diarrhoeal diseases relating to unsafe watersanitation and hygiene cause over 1,000 deaths a day in Africa … The humanitarian sector is increasingly committed to the …

Yemen – Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #3, Fiscal Year (FY) 2019 = ReliefWeb-15 hours ago Humanitarian organizations recorded a significant reduction of hostilities in Yemen’s … Health, nutrition, and watersanitation, and hygiene (WASH) actors have …

Lack of Preparedness Hampered Response to Cholera Epidemic in Yemen … Infection Control Today-21 hours ago – Humanitarian organizations implemented a robust response to cholera despite … in complex humanitarian emergencies with weakened public health systems. … both health facilities as well as water and sanitation infrastructure from airstrikes.

News from USAID OFDA

Crisis in the Philippines | Disaster Assistance Archives | U.S. … – usaid
https://www.usaid.gov/crisis/philippines 6 days ago – In response, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance provided more than $800,000 in humanitarian aid including basic shelter assistance, relief supplies, and water, sanitation, and hygiene support to people affected by the storm. … To date, USAID has contributed $13.5 ..

World Health Organization Resources

Ebola Situation Reports

Disease Outbreak News


USAID WASH in the News


USAID WASH in the News

We scour global news sources to find the latest stories featuring USAID’s work in the water sector (so you don’t have to). Check in for weekly updates to this page or let us know if you have an item to share.

Latest news items

  • Central Asian Water Experts Share Experience: Smart Waters Launched a Series of Webinars
  • India – Capacity Building Program for Municipal Corporation Officials by WASH Lab under IHUWASH Project
  • Liberia – US Water Projects Dedicated in 3 Counties
  • Bill Frist – Water Wars Won’t Be Won on a Battlefield

More news items.

Community-based approaches to tackle open defecation in rural India: Theory, evidence and policies

Community-based approaches to tackle open defecation in rural India: Theory, evidence and policies. Observer Research Foundation, December 2018.

Open defecation (OD), an age-old practice in India, impacts the health of individuals as well as their communities. To tackle the problem, the Government of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) in 2014, aimed at making the country open-defecation free (ODF) by October 2019 by giving more attention to community-based approaches.

However, while such approaches have helped solve the sanitation riddle in many countries, curbing OD in India is much more complicated: the root of the problem is a combination of lack of sanitation infrastructure and deep-seated habits. So far, India’s sanitation policies have used the top-down approach, focusing on financial assistance for latrine construction.

While this is necessary, considering the social determinants at play, the emphasis must be on changing collective behaviour through participatory methods, a component that has been largely absent from past policies on sanitation.

Demand-driven approaches must be adopted, keeping in mind their strengths and weaknesses and ensuring equity-focused actions through community-monitored, locally appropriate and culturally sensitive interventions.